A Dictionary of the English Language
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Stone (noun)

View Scan · View Transcription · from page 1947

View Scan · View Transcription · from page 1947

Stone. n.s. [stains, Gothick; stan, Saxon; steen, Dutch.]

  1. Stone are bodies insipid, hard, not ductile or malleable, nor soluble in water. Woodward's Mth. Foss.

    We understand by the term stones fossile bodies, solid, not ductile under the hammer, fixed in the fire, not easily melted in it, and not to be dissolved by water. Stones are arranged under two distinct series, the softer and the harder. Of the softer stones there are three general distinctions. 1. The foliaceous or flacky, as talk. 2. The fibrose, as the asbestus. 3. The granulated, as the gypsum. Of the harder stones there are also three general distinctions. 1. The opake stones, as limestone. 2. The semi-pellucid, as agate. 3. The pellucid, as crystal and the gems. Hill's Mat. Med.

    Should I go to church, and see the holy edifice of stone,
    And not bethink me strait of dang'rous rocks!
    Shakespeare.

    The English used the stones to reinforce the pier. Hayward.

  2. Piece of stone cut for building.

    He shall bring forth the head stone with shoutings. Zech. iv.

  3. Gem; precious stone.

                I thought I saw
    Wedges of gold, great anchors, heaps of pearl,
    Inestimable stones, unvalu'd jewels.
    Shakesp. Rich. III.

  4. Any thing made of stone.

            Lend me a looking-glass;
    If that her breath will mist or stain the stone,
    Why then she lives.
    Shakespeare.

  5. Calculous concretion in the kidneys or bladder; the disease arising from a calculus.

    A specifick remedy for preventing of the stone I take to be the constant use of alehoof-ale. Temple.

    A gentleman supposed his difficulty in urining proceeding from the stone. Wiseman's Surgery.

  6. The case which in some fruits contains the seed.

    To make fruits without core or stone is a curiosity. Bacon.

  7. Testicle.

  8. A weight containing fourteen pounds.

    Does Wood think that we will sell him a stone of wool for his counters? Swift.

  9. Stone is used by way of exaggeration.

    What need you be so boist'rous rough?
    I will not struggle, I will stand stone still.
    Shakesp. K. John.

    And there lies Whacum by my side,
    Stone dead, and in his own blood dy'd.
    Hudibras.

    The fellow held his breath, and lay stone still, as if he was dead. L'Estrange.

    She had got a trick of holding her breath, and lying at her length for stone dead. L'Estrange.

    The cottages having taken a country-dance together, had been all out, and stood stone still with amazement. Pope.

  10. To leave no Stone unturned. To do every thing that can be done for the production or promotion of any effect.

    Women, that left no stone unturn'd
    In which the cause might be concern'd,
    Brought in their children's spoons and whistles,
    To purchase swords, carbines, and pistols.
    Hudibras.

    He crimes invented, left unturn'd no stone
    To make my guilt appear, and hide his own.
    Dryden.

Sources: Bacon, Francis (396) · Butler, Samuel (98) · Dryden, John (788) · Hayward, John (42) · Hill, John (29) · Shakespeare's King John (43) · Shakespeare's King Lear (144) · L'Estrange, Roger (131) · Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice (83) · Pope, Alexander (393) · Shakespeare's Richard III (63) · Swift, Jonathan (306) · Temple, William (54) · Wiseman, Richard (68) · Woodward, John (78) · The Bible - Zechariah (2)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "Stone (noun)." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: December 1, 2012. http://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/?p=12816.


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