A Dictionary of the English Language
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Fashion (noun)

View Scan · View Transcription · from pages 775, 776

View Scan · View Transcription · from pages 775, 776

Fáshion. n.s. [façon, French; facies, Latin.]

  1. Form; make; state of any thing with regard to its outward appearance.

    They pretend themselves grieved at our solemnities in erecting churches, at their form and fashion, at the stateliness of them and costliness, and at the opinion which we have of them. Hooker, b. v. s. 17.

    The fashion of his countenance was altered. Luke ix. 29.

    Stand these poor people's friend.
    — I will,
    Or let me lose the fashion of a man:
    Shakes. Henry VIII.

  2. The make or cut of cloaths.

    I'll be at charges for a looking-glass,
    And entertain a score or two of taylors,
    To study fashions to adorn my body.
    Shakes. Richard III.

    You, sir, I entertain for one of my hundred; only, I do not like the fashion of your garments. Shakesp. King Lear.

  3. Manner; sort; way.

                For that I love your daughter
    In such a righteous fashion as I do,
    Perforce against all checks, rebukes, and manners,
    I must advance.
    Shakespeare's Merry Wives of Windsor.

                Pluck Casca by the sleeve,
    And he will, after his four fashion, tell you
    What hath proceeded.
    Shakespeare's Julius Cæsar.

    The commissioners either pulled down or defaced all images in churches; and that in such unseasonable and unseasoned fashion, as if it had been done in hostility against them. Hayw.

  4. Custom operating upon dress, or any domestick ornaments.

                        Here's the note
    How much your chain weighs to the utmost caret,
    The fineness of the gold, the chargeful fashion.
    Shakespeare.

  5. Custom; general practice.

    Zelmane again, with great admiration, begun to speak of him; asking whether it were the fashion or no, in Arcadia, that shepherds should perform such valorous enterprizes. Sidn.

    Though the truth of this hath been universally acknowledged, yet because the fashion of the age is to call every thing into question, it will be requisite to satisfy mens reason about it. Tillotson, Sermon 3.

    Why truly, wife, it was not easily reconciled to the common method; but then it was the fashion to do such things. Arbuthnot's History of John Bull.

  6. Manner imitated from another; way established by precedent.

    Sorrow so royally in you appears,
    That I will deeply put the fashion on,
    And wear it in my heart.
    Shakespeare.

  7. General approbation; mode.

    A young gentleman accommodates himself to the innocent diversions in fashion. Locke.

    His panegyricks were bestowed only on such persons as he had familiarly known, and only at such times as others cease to praise, when out of power, or out of fashion. Pope.

  8. Rank; condition above the vulgar. It is used in a sense below that of quality.

    It is strange that men of fashion, and gentlemen, should so grosly belie their own knowledge. Raleigh.

  9. Any thing worn.

    Now, by this maiden blossom in my hand,
    I scorn thee, and thy fashion, peevish boy.
    Shak. Hen. VI.

  10. The farcy; a distemper in horses; the horses leprosy. A barbarous word.

    His horse is possest with the glanders, infected with the fashions, and full of windgalls. Shak. Taming of the Shrew.

Sources: Arbuthnot, John (227) · Shakespeare's Comedy of Errors (24) · Hayward, John (42) · Shakespeare's Henry IV, Part 2 (72) · Shakespeare's Henry VI, Part 1 (48) · Shakespeare's Henry VIII (62) · Hooker, Richard (175) · Shakespeare's Julius Caesar (42) · Shakespeare's King Lear (144) · Locke, John (269) · The Bible - Luke (10) · Shakespeare's Merry Wives of Windsor (95) · Pope, Alexander (393) · Raleigh, Walter (68) · Shakespeare's Richard III (63) · Sidney, Philip (140) · Shakespeare's Taming of the Shrew (71) · Tillotson, John (68)

Attributes: French (385) · Latin (690) · Noun Substantive (1269)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "Fashion (noun)." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: October 6, 2013. http://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/?p=14042.


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