A Dictionary of the English Language
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So

View Scan · View Transcription · from pages 1871, 1872

View Scan · View Transcription · from pages 1871, 1872

So. adv. [ꞅƿa, Saxon; soo, Dutch; so, German.]

  1. In like manner. It answers to as either preceding or following. Noting comparison.

    As whom the fables feign of monstrous size,
    Titanian or earthborn that warr'd on Jove,
    So stretch'd out huge in length the arch fiend lay.
    Milton.

    Thick as autumnal leaves that strew the brooks
    In Valombrosa, where th' Etrurian shades
    High over-arch'd embow'r, so thick bestrewn
    Abject and lost lay these.
    Milton.

    Tir'd at first sight with what the muse imparts,
    In fearless youth we tempt the heights of arts;
    So pleas'd at first the towering Alps we try,
    Mount o'er the vales, and seem to tread the sky.
    Pope.

    As into air the purer spirits flow,
    And sep'rate from their kindred dregs below,
    So flew her soul to its congeneal place.
    Pope.

  2. To such a degree.

    Why is his chariot so long in coming? Judg. v. 28.

    Can nothing great, and at the height,
    Remain so long, but its own weight
    Will ruin it? Or is't blind chance
    That still desires new states t' advance.
    Ben. Johns. Catiline.

    Amoret, my lovely foe,
    Tell me where thy strength does lie;
    Where the pow'r that charms us so,
    In thy soul, or in thy eye?
    Waller.

    I viewed in my mind, so far as I was able, the beginning and progress of a rising world. Burnet's Theory of the Earth.

    Since then our Arcite is with honour dead,
    Why should we mourn that he so soon is freed.
    Dryden.

    Upon our first going into a company of strangers, our benevolence or aversion rises towards several particular persons, before we have heard them speak, or so much as know who they are. Addison's Spectator.

    We think our fathers fools, so wise we're grown:
    Our wiser sons, no doubt, will think us so.
    Pope.

  3. In such a manner.

  4. It is regularly answered by as or that, but they are sometimes omitted.

    So frown'd the mighty combatants, that hell
    Grew darker at their frown.
    Milton.

    There's no such thing, as that we beauty call,
                    It is mere cosenage all;
                    For though some long ago
    Lik'd certain colours mingled so and so,
    That doth not tie me now from chusing new.
    Suckling.

    There is something equivalent in France and Scotland; so as 'tis a very hard calumny upon our soil to affirm that so excellent a fruit will not grow here. Temple.

    We may be certain that man is not a creature that hath wings; because this only concerns the manner of his existence; and we seeing what he is, may certainly know that he is not so or so. Locke.

    I shall minutely tell him the steps by which I was brought into this way, that he may judge whether I proceeded rationally, if so be anything in my example is worth his notice. Locke.

    This gentleman is a person of good sense, and knows that he is very much in sir Roger's esteem, so that he lives in the family rather as a relation than dependent. Addison.

  5. In the same manner.

    Of such examples add me to the roll;
    Me easily indeed mine may neglect,
    But God's propos'd deliverance not so.
    Milton.

    To keep up the tutor's authority, use him with great respect yourself, and cause all your family to do so too. Locke.

    According to the multifariousness of this immutability, so are the possibilities of being. Norris.

  6. Thus; in this manner.

    Not far from thence the mournful fields appear,
    So call'd from lovers that inhabit there.
    Dryden.

    Does this deserve to be rewarded so?
    Did you come here a stranger or a foe?
    Dryden.

    It concerns every man, with the greatest seriousness, to enquire into those matters whether they be so or not. Tillotson.

    No nation ever complained they had too broad, too deep, or too many rivers; they understand better than so, how to value those inestimable gifts of nature. Bentley.

    So when the first bold vessel dar'd the seas,
    High on the stern the Thracian rais'd his strain.
    Pope.

    Whether this be from an habitual motion of the animal spirits, or from the alteration of the constitution, by some more unaccountable way, this is certain that so it is. Locke.

  7. Therefore; for this reason; in consequence of this.

    The god, though loth, yet was constrain'd t'obey;
    For longer time than that, no living wight,
    Below the earth, might suffer'd be to stay:
    So back again him brought to living light.
    Fairy Queen.

    If he set industriously and sincerely to perform the commands of Christ, he can have no ground of doubting but it shall prove successful to him, and so all that he hath to do is to endeavour by prayer and use of the means, to qualify himself for this blessed condition. Hammond's Fundamentals.

    Some are fall'n, to disobedience fall'n;
    And so from heaven to deepest hell.
    Milton's Paradise Lost.

    God makes him in his own image an intellectual creature, and so capable of dominion. Locke.

  8. On these terms; noting a conditional petition: answered by at.

    O goddess! tell what I would say,
    Thou know'st it, and I feel too much to pray,
    So grant my suit, as I enforce my might,
    In love to be thy champion.
    Dryden's Knight's Tale.

    Here then exchange we mutually forgiveness:
    So may the guilt of all my broken vows,
    My perjuries to thee be all forgotten;
    As here my foul acquits thee of my death,
    As here I part without an angry thought.
    Rowe.

    So may kind rains their vital moisture yield,
    And swell the future harvest of thy field.
    Pope.

  9. Provided that; on condition that; modo.

                            Be not sad:
    Evil into the mind of God or man
    May come and go, so unapprov'd, and leave
    No spot or blame behind.
    Milton's Paradise Lost.

    So the doctrine be but wholsome and edifying, though there should be a want of exactness in the manner of speaking or reasoning, it may be overlooked. Atterbury.

    Too much of love thy hapless friend has prov'd,
    Too many giddy foolish hours are gone;
    May the remaining few know only friendship:
    So thou, my dearest, truest, best Alicia,
    Vouchsafe to lodge me in thy gentle heart,
    A partner there; I will give up mankind.
    Rowe.

  10. In like manner; noting concession of one proposition and assumption of another, answering to as.

    As a war should be undertaken upon a just motive, so a prince ought to consider the condition he is in when he enters on it. Swift.

  11. It sometimes answers to the word or sentence going before, and returns the sense.

    Who thinks his wife is virtuous, though not so,
    Is pleas'd and patient till the truth he know.
    Denham.

    Angling is something like poetry, men are to be born so. Walton's Angler.

    One may as well say, that the conflagration shall be only national, as to say that the deluge was so. Burnet. However soft within themselves they are,
    To you they will be valiant by despair;
    For having once been guilty, well they know
    To a revengeful prince they still are so.
    Dryden.

    He was great ere fortune made him so. Dryden.

    I laugh at everyone, said an old cynic, who laughs at me. Do you so? replied the philosopher; then you live the merriest life of any man in Athens. Addison.

    They are beautiful in themselves, and much more so in that noble language peculiar to that great poet. Addison.

    Common-place books have long been used by industrious young divines, and still continue so. Swift.

    As to his using ludicrous expressions, my opinion is, but they are not so. Pope.

    The blest to-day is as completely so,
    As who began a thousand years ago.
    Pope.

  12. Thus it is; this is the state.

    How sorrow shakes him!
    So, now the tempest tears him up by th' roots,
    And on the ground extends the noble ruin.
    Dryden.

  13. At this point; at this time.

                        When
    With wild wood-leaves and weeds I ha' strew'd his grave,
    And on it said a century of prayers,
    Such as I can, twice o'er, I'll weep and sigh;
    And, leaving so his service, follow you.
    Shakespeare.

  14. It notes a kind of abrupt beginning. Well.

    O, so, and had you a council
    Of ladies too? who was your speaker,
    Madam?
    Ben. Johnson's Catiline.

  15. It sometimes is little more than an expletive, though it implies some latent or surd comparison.

    An astringent is not quite so proper, where relaxing the urinary passages is necessary. Arbuthnot.

  16. A word of assumption; thus be it.

    There is Percy; if your father will do me any honour, so; if not, let him kill the next Percy himself. Shakespeare.

    I will never bear a base mind: if it be my destiny, so: if it be not, so. No man is too good to serve his prince. Shak.

  17. A form of petition.

    Ready are th' appellant and defendant,
    The armourer and his man, to enter the lists,
    So please your highness to behold the fight.
    Shakespeare.

  18. So much as. However much. This is, I think, an irregular expression.

    So much as you admire the beauty of his verse, his prose is full as good. Pope.

  19. So so. An exclamation after some thing done or known.

    I would not have thee linger in thy pain:
    So so.
    Shakespeare's Othello.

    So so; it works: now mistress, sit you fast. Dryden.

  20. So so. [cosi cosi, Italian.] Indifferently; not much amiss or well.

    He's not very tall; yet for his years he's tall;
    His leg is but so so: and yet 'tis well.
    Shakespeare.

    Deliver us from the nauseous repetition of As and So, which some so so writers, I may call them so, are continually sounding in our ears. Felton on the Classicks.

  21. So then. Thus then it is that; therefore.

    So then the Volscians stand; but as at first
    Ready, when time shall prompt them, to make road
    Upon's again.
    Shakespeare's Coriolanus.

    To a war are required a just quarrel, sufficient forces, and a prudent choice of the designs: so then, I will first justify the quarrel, balance the forces, and propound variety of designs. Bacon's War With Spain.

Sources: Addison, Joseph (408) · Arbuthnot, John (227) · Shakespeare's As You Like It (40) · Atterbury, Francis (75) · Bacon, Francis (396) · Bentley, Richard (57) · Burnet, Thomas (45) · Shakespeare's Coriolanus (80) · Shakespeare's Cymbeline (73) · Denham, John (75) · Dryden, John (788) · Felton, Henry (14) · Hammond, Henry (47) · Shakespeare's Henry IV, Part 1 (46) · Shakespeare's Henry IV, Part 2 (72) · Shakespeare's Henry VI, Part 2 (49) · Jonson, Ben (70) · The Bible - Judges (13) · Locke, John (269) · Milton, John (449) · Norris, John (4) · Shakespeare's Othello (60) · Pope, Alexander (393) · Rowe, Nicholas (21) · Spenser, Edmund (254) · Suckling, John (16) · Swift, Jonathan (306) · Temple, William (54) · Tillotson, John (68) · Waller, Edmund (63) · Walton, Izaak (10)

Attributes: Adverb (147) · Dutch (90) · German (30) · Italian (29) · Saxon (215)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "So." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: December 7, 2013. http://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/?p=15074.


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