A Dictionary of the English Language
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Salve (verb)

View Scan · View Transcription · from pages 1743, 1744

View Scan · View Transcription · from pages 1743, 1744

To Salve. v.a. [salvo, Latin; or from the noun.]

  1. To cure with medicaments applied.

    Many skilful leeches him abide,
    To salve his hurts.
    Fairy Queen.

    It should be to little purpose for them to salve the wound, by making protestations in disgrace of their own actions. Hook.

    The which if I perform, and do survive,
    I do beseech your majesty may salve
    The long grown wounds of my intemperature.
    Sh. H. IV.

  2. To help; to remedy.

    Some seek to salve their blotted name
    With others blot, 'till all do taste of shame.
    Sidney.

    Our mother-tongue, which truly of itself is both full enough for prose, and stately enough for verse, hath long time been counted most bare and barren of both; which default, when as some endeavoured to salve and cure, they patched up the holes with rags from other languages. Spenser.

  3. To help or save by a salve, an excuse, or reservation.

    Ignorant I am not how this is salved: they do it but after the truth is made manifest. Hooker.

              My more particular,
    And that, which most with you should salve my going,
    Is Fulvia's death.
    Shakesp. Ant. and Cleopatra.

    The schoolmen were like the astronomers, who, to salve phœnomena, framed to their conceit eccentricks and epicycles; so they, to salve the practice of the church, had devised a great number of strange positions. Bacon.

    There must be another state to make up the inequalities of this, and salve all irregular appearances. Atterbury.

    This conduct might give Horace the hint to say, that when Homer was at a loss to bring any difficult matter to an issue, he laid his hero asleep, and this salved all difficulty. Broome.

  4. [From salve, Latin.] To salute. Obsolete.

    That stranger knight in presence came,
    And goodly salved them; who nought again
    Him answered as courtesy became.
    Fairy Queen.

Sources: Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra (57) · Atterbury, Francis (75) · Bacon, Francis (396) · Broome, William (16) · Shakespeare's Henry IV, Part 1 (46) · Hooker, Richard (175) · Sidney, Philip (140) · Spenser, Edmund (254)

Attributes: Latin (690) · Verb Active (289)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "Salve (verb)." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: January 10, 2014. http://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/?p=1772.


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