A Dictionary of the English Language
                        A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson
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Cross (noun)

View Scan · View Transcription · from page 509

View Scan · View Transcription · from page 509

Cross. n.s. [croix, Fr. croce, Ital. crux, Latin.]

  1. One strait body laid at right angles over another; the instrument by which the Saviour of the world suffered death.

    They make a little cross of a quill, longways of that part of the quill which hath the pith, and crossways of that piece of the quill without pith. Bacon's Natural History, №. 494.

    You are first to consider seriously the infinite love of your Saviour, who offered himself for you as a sacrifice upon the cross. Taylor's Guide to the Penitent.

  2. The ensign of the Christian religion.

    Her holy faith and Christian cross oppos'd
    Against the Saxon gods.
    Rowe..

  3. A monument with a cross upon it to excite devotion; such as were anciently set in market-places.

                                She doth stray about
    By holy crosses, where she kneels and prays.
    Shakespeare.

  4. A line drawn through another.

  5. Any thing that thwarts or obstructs; misfortune; hindrance; vexation; opposition; misadventure; trial of patience.

    Wishing unto me many crosses and mischances in my love, whenever I should love. Sidney, b. i.

    Then let us teach our trial patience,
    Because it is a customary cross.
    Shakespeare.

    Heaven prepares good men with crosses; but no ill can happen to a good man. Ben. Johnson's Discoveries.

    A great estate hath great crosses, and a mean fortune hath but small ones. Taylor's Rule of Living Holy.

  6. Money so called, because marked with a cross.

    He was said to make soldiers spring up out of the very earth to follow him, though he had not a cross to pay them salary. Howel's Vocal Forest.

    Whereas we cannot much lament our loss,
    Who neither carry'd back nor brought one cross.
    Dryden.

  7. Cross and Pile, a play with money; at which it is put to chance whether the side, which bears a cross, shall lie upward, or the other.

    Whacum had neither cross nor pile;
    His plunder was not worth the while.
    Hudibras, p. ii.

    This I humbly conceive to be perfect boys play; cross, I win, and pile, you lose; or, what's yours is mine, and what's mine is my own. Swift.

Sources: Bacon, Francis (396) · Butler, Samuel (98) · Dryden, John (788) · Howell, James (14) · Jonson, Ben (70) · Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice (83) · Shakespeare's Midsummer Night's Dream (28) · Rowe, Nicholas (21) · Sidney, Philip (140) · Swift, Jonathan (306) · Taylor, Jeremy (57)

Attributes: French (385) · Italian (29) · Latin (690) · Noun Substantive (1269)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "Cross (noun)." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: February 15, 2014. http://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/?p=18385.


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