A Dictionary of the English Language
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Cross (verb active)

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View Scan · View Transcription · from page 510

Cross. v.a. [from the noun.]

  1. To lay one body, or draw one line, a-thwart another.

    This forc'd the stubborn'st, for the cause,
    To cross the cudgels to the laws;
    That what by breaking them't had gain'd,
    By their support might be maintain'd.
    Hudibras, p. iii c. 2.

    The loxia, or cross-bill, whose bill is thick and strong, with the tips crossing one another, with great readiness breaks open fir-cones, apples, and other fruit, to come at their kernels; as if the crossing of the bill was designed for this service. Derham's Physico-Theology.

    I shall most carefully observe, not to cross over, or deface the copy of your papers for the future, and only to mark in the margin. Pope.

    A hunted hare treads back her mazes, and crosses and confounds her former track. Watts.

  2. To sign with the cross.

  3. To mark out; to cancel; as, to cross an article.

  4. To pass over.

    He conquered this proud Turk as far as the Hellespont, which he crossed, and made a visit to the Greek emperor at Constaninople. Temple.

            We found the hero, for whose only sake
    We sought the dark abodes, and cross'd the bitter lake.
    Dry.

  5. To move laterally, obliquely, or a-thwart; not in opposition; not in the same line.

    But he them spying, 'gan to turn aside,
    For fear, as seem'd, or for some feined loss;
    More greedy they of news, fast towards him do cross.
    Spens.

  6. To thwart; to interpose obstruction; to embarrass; to obstruct; to hinder.

    Still do I cross this wretch, whatso he taketh in hand. Hooker.

                The king no longer could endure
    Thus to be cross'd in what he did intend.
    Daniel's Civ. War.

    He was so great an enemy to Digby and Colepeper, who were only present in debates of the war with the officers, that he crossed all they proposed. Clarendon, b. viii.

              ;  Bury'd in private, and so suddenly!
    It crosses my design, which was t' allow
    The rites of funeral fitting his degree.
    Dryd. Span. Fryar.

    Swell'd with our late successes on the foe,
    Which France and Holland wanted pow'r to cross,
    We urge an unseen fate.
    Dryden.

                            The firm patriot there,
    Though still by faction, vice, and fortune crost,
    Shall find the generous labour was not lost.
    Addison's Cato.

  7. To counteract.

    Then their wills clash with their understandings, and their appetites cross their duty. Locke.

  8. To contravene; to hinder by authority; to countermand.

    No governour is suffered to go on with any one course, but upon the least information he is either stopped and crossed, or other courses appointed him from hence. Spenser on Ireland.

    It may make my case dangerous, to cross this in the smallest. Shakespeare's Measure for Measure.

  9. To contradict.

    In all this there is not a syllable which any ways crosseth us. Hooker, b. ii. sect. 6.

    It is certain, howsoever it cross the received opinion, that sounds may be created without air. Bacon's Natural History.

  10. To debar; to preclude.

    From his loins no hopeful branch shall spring,
    To cross me from the golden time I look for.
    Shakes. H. VI.

Sources: Addison, Joseph (408) · Bacon, Francis (396) · Butler, Samuel (98) · Clarendon, Edward (73) · Daniel, Samuel (28) · Derham, William (22) · Dryden, John (788) · Shakespeare's Henry VI, Part 3 (39) · Hooker, Richard (175) · Locke, John (269) · Shakespeare's Measure for Measure (39) · Pope, Alexander (393) · Spenser, Edmund (254) · Temple, William (54) · Watts, Isaac (117)

Attributes: Verb Active (289)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "Cross (verb active)." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: February 23, 2014. http://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/?p=18391.


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