A Dictionary of the English Language
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Take (verb active)

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To Take. v.a. preterite took, part. pass. taken, sometimes took; taka, Islandish; ey tek, I take; ey took, I took.]

  1. To receive what is offered.

    Then took I the cup at the Lord's hand, and made all the nations to drink. Jer. xxv. 17.

    They refuse to take the cup at thine hand to drink. Jer.

    Be thou advis'd, thy black design forsake;
    Death, or this counsel, from Lucippus take.
    Waller.

    An honest man may take a knave's advice,
    But idiots only may be cozen'd twice.
    Dryden.

    Madam, were I as you, I'd take her counsel. Philips.

    Distress'd myself, like you, confin'd I live,
    And therefore can compassion take and give.
    Dryden.

  2. To seize what is not given.

    In fetters one the barking porter ty'd,
    And took him trembling from his sovereign's side.
    Dryden.

  3. To receive.

    No man shall take the nether or upper milstone to pledge. Deut. xxiv. 6.

  4. To receive with good or ill will.

    For, what we know must be,
    Why should we, in our peevish opposition,
    Take it to heart.
    Shakespeare's Hamlet.

    I will frown as they pass by, and let them take it as they lift. Shakesp. Romeo and Juliet.

    La you! if you speak ill of the devil, how he takes it at heart. Shakesp. Twelfth Night.

    Damasco, without any more ado, yielded unto the Turks; which the bassa took in so good part, that he would not suffer his soldiers to enter it. Knolles's Hist. of the Turks.

    The king being in a rage, took it grievously that he was mocked. 2 Mac. vii. 39.

    The queen hearing of a declination of monarchy, took it so ill as she would never after hear of the other's suit. Bacon.

    A following hath ever been a thing civil, and well taken in monarchies, so it be without too much popularity. Bacon.

    The diminution of the power of the nobility they took very heavily. Clarendon.

    I hope you will not expect from me things demonstrated with certainty; but will take it well that I should offer at a new thing. Graunt.

    If I have been a little pilfering, I take it bitterly of thee to tell me of it. Dryden.

    The sole advice I could give him in conscience, would be that which he would take ill, and not follow. Swift.

  5. To lay hold on; to catch by surprise or artifice.

    Who will believe a man that hath no house, and lodgeth wheresoever the night taketh him? Ecclus. xxxvi. 26.

    They silenced those who opposed them, by traducing them abroad, or taking advantage against them in the house. Clar.

    Men in their loose unguarded hours they take,
    Not that themselves are wise, but others weak.
    Pope.

  6. To snatch; to seize.

    I am contented to dwell on the Divine Providence, and take up any occasion to lead me to its contemplation. Hale.

  7. To make prisoner.

    Appoint a meeting with this old fat fellow,
    Where we may take him, and disgrace him for it.
    Shak.

    King Lear hath lost, he and his daughter ta'en. Shak.

    This man was taken of the Jews, and should have been killed. Acts xxii. 27.

    They entering with wonderful celerity on every side, slew and took three hundred Janizaries. Knolles.

  8. To captivate with pleasure; to delight; to engage.

    More than history can pattern, though devis'd
    And play'd to take spectators.
    Shakespeare.

                          I long
    To hear the story of your life, which must
    Take the ear strangely.
    Shakespeare's Tempest.

    Let her not take thee with her eyelids. Prov. vi. 25.

    Yet notwithstanding, taken by Perkin's amiable behaviour, he entertained him as became the person of Richard duke of York. Bacon's Henry VII.

    Their song was partial, but the harmony
    Suspended hell, and took with ravishment
    The thronging audience.
    Milton.

    If I renounce virtue, though naked, then I do it yet more when she is thus beautified on purpose to allure the eye, and take the heart. Decay of Piety.

    This beauty shines through some mens actions, sets off all that they do, and takes all they come near. Locke.

    Cleombrotus was so taken with this prospect, that he had no patience. Wake.

  9. To surprize; to catch.

    Wise men are overborn when taken at a disadvantage. Collier of Confidence.

  10. To entrap; to catch in a snare.

    Take us the foxes, that spoil the vines. 2 Cant. xv.

  11. To understand in any particular sense or manner.

    The words are more properly taken for the air or æther than the heavens. Raleigh.

    You take me right, Eupolis; for there is no possibility of an holy war. Bacon's holy War.

    I take it, andiron brass, called white brass, hath some mixture of tin to help the lustre. Bacon.

    Why, now you take me; these are rites
    That grace love's days, and crown his nights:
    These are the motions I would see.
    Benj. Johnson.

    Give them one simple idea, and see that they take it right, and perfectly comprehend it. Locke.

    Charity taken in its largest extent, is nothing else but the sincere love of God and our neighbour. Wake.

  12. To exact.

    Take no usury of him or increase. Lev. xxv. 36.

  13. To get; to have; to appropriate.

    And the king of Sodom said unto Abram, give me the persons, and take the goods to thyself. Gen. xiv. 21.

  14. To use; to employ.

    This man always takes time, and ponders things maturely before he passes his judgment. Watts.

  15. To blast; to infect.

                  Strike her young bones,
    You taking airs with lameness.
    Shakespeare.

  16. To judge in favour of.

    The nicest eye could no distinction make
    Where lay the advantage, or what side to take.
    Dryden.

  17. To admit any thing bad from without.

                  I ought to have a care
    To keep my wounds from taking air.
    Hudibras, p. iii.

  18. To get; to procure.

    Striking stones they took fire out of them. 2 Mac. x. 3.

  19. To turn to; to practise.

    If any of the family be distressed, order is taken for their relief: if any be subject to vice, or take ill courses, they are reproved. Bacon's New Atlantis.

  20. To close in with; to comply with.

    Old as I am, I take thee at thy word,
    And will to-morrow thank thee with my sword.
    Dryden.

    She to her country's use resign'd your sword,
    And you, kind lover, took her at her word.
    Dryden.

    I take thee at thy word. Rowe's Ambitious Stepmother.

    Where any one thought is such, that we have power to take it up or lay it by, there we are at liberty. Locke.

  21. To form; to fix.

    Resolutions taken upon full debate, were seldom prosecuted with equal resolution. Clarendon.

  22. To catch in the hand; to seize.

    He put forth a hand, and took me by a lock of my head. Ezek. viii. 3.

    I took not arms till urg'd by self defence. Dryden.

  23. To admit; to suffer.

    Yet thy moist clay is pliant to command;
    Now take the mould; now bend thy mind to feel
    The first sharp motions of the forming wheel.
    Dryden.

  24. To perform any action.

    Peradventure we shall prevail against him, and take our revenge on him. Jer. xx. 10.

    Uzzah put forth his hand to the ark, and took hold of it, for the oxen shook it. 2 Sam. vi. 6.

    Taking my leave of them, I went into Macedonia. 2 Cor.

    Before I proceed, I would be glad to take some breath. Bacon's holy War.

    His wind he never took whilst the cup was at his mouth, but justly observed the rule of drinking with one breath. Hakewill on Providence.

                Then call'd his brothers,
    And her to whom his nuptial vows were bound;
    A long sigh he drew,
    And his voice failing, took his last adieu.
    Dryden's Fab.

                  The Sabine Clausus came,
    And from afar, at Dryops took his aim.
    Dryden's Æn.

    Her lovers names in order to run o'er,
    The girl took breath full thirty times and more.
    Dryden.

    Heighten'd revenge he should have took;
    He should have burnt his tutor's book.
    Prior.

    The husband's affairs made it necessary for him to take a voyage to Naples. Addison's Spectator.

    I took a walk in Lincoln's Inn Garden. Tatler.

    The Carthaginian took his feat, and Pompey entered with great dignity in his own person. Tatler.

    I am possessed of power and credit, can gratify my favourites, and take vengeance on my enemies. Swift.

  25. To receive into the mind.

    When they saw the boldness of Peter and John, they took knowledge of them that they had been with Jesus. Acts iv.

    It appeared in his face, that he took great contentment in this our question. Bacon.

    Doctor Moore, in his Ethicks, reckons this particular inclination, to take a prejudice against a man for his looks, among the smaller vices in morality, and names it a prosopolepsia. Addison's Spect. № 86.

    A student should never satisfy himself with bare attendance on lectures, unless he clearly takes up the sense. Watts.

  26. To go into.

    When news were brought that the French king besieged Constance, he posted to the sea-coast to take ship. Camden.

    Tygers and lions are not apt to take the water. Hale.

  27. To go along; to follow; to persue.

    The joyful short-liv'd news soon spread around,
    Took the same train.
    Dryden.

    Observing still the motions of their flight,
    What course they took, what happy signs they shew.
    Dry.

  28. To swallow; to receive.

    Consider the insatisfaction of several bodies, and of their appetite to take in others. Bacon's Nat. Hist.

    Turkeys take down stones, having found in the gizzard of one no less than seven hundred. Brown's Vulgar Errours.

  29. To swallow as a medicine.

    Tell an ignoramus in place to his face that he has a wit above all the world, and as fulsome a dose as you give him he shall readily take it down, and admit the commendation, though he cannot believe the thing. South.

    Upon this assurance he took physick. Locke.

    The glutinous mucilage that is on the outsides of the seeds washed off causes them to take. Mortimer's Husb.

  30. To choose one of more.

    Take to thee from among the cherubim
    Thy choice of flaming warriors.
    Milton.

    Either but one man, or all men are kings: take which you please it dissolves the bonds of government. Locke.

  31. To copy.

    Our phænix queen was pourtray'd too so bright,
    Beauty alone cou'd beauty take so right.
    Dryden.

  32. To convey; to carry; to transport.

    Carry sir John Falstaff to the fleet,
    Take all his company along with him.
    Shakesp. Henry IV.

    He sat him down in a street; for no man took them into his house to lodging. Judges xix. 15.

  33. To fasten on; to seize.

    Wheresoever he taketh him he teareth him; and he foameth. Mark ix. 18.

    No temptation hath taken you, but such as is common to man. 1 Cor. x. 13.

    When the frost and rain have taken them they grow dangerous. Temple.

    At first they warm, then scorch, and then they take,
    Now with long necks from side to side they feed;
    At length grown strong their mother-size forsake,
    And a new colony of flames succeed.
    Dryden.

    No beast will eat sour grass till the frost hath taken it. Mort.

    In burning of stubble, take care to plow the land up round the field, that the fire may not take the hedges. Mortimer.

  34. Not to refuse; to accept.

    Take no satisfaction for the life of a murderer, he shall be surely put to death. Num. xxxv. 31.

    Thou tak'st thy mother's word too far, said he,
    And hast usurp'd thy boasted pedigree.
    Dryden.

    He that should demand of hm how begetting a child gives the father absolute power over him, will find him answer nothing: we are to take his word for this. Locke.

    Who will not receive clipped money whilst he sees the great receipt of the exchequer admits it, and the bank and goldsmiths will take it of him. Locke.

  35. To adopt.

    I will take you to me for a people, and I will be to you a God. Exod. vi. 7.

  36. To change with respect to place.

    When he departed, he took out two pence, and gave them to the host. Luke x. 35.

    He put his hand into his bosom; and when he took it out, it was leprous. Exod. iv. 6.

    If you slit the artery, thrust a pipe into it, and cast a strait ligature upon that part containing the pipe, the artery will not beat below the ligature; yet do but take it off, and it will beat immediately. Ray.

    Lovers flung themselves from the top of the precipice into the sea, where they were sometimes taken up alive. Addison.

  37. To separate.

    A multitude, how great soever, brings not a man any nearer to the end of the inexhaustible stock of number, where still there remains as much to be added as if none were taken out. Locke.

    The living fabrick now in pieces take,
    Of every part due observation make;
    All which such art discovers.
    Blackmore.

  38. To admit.

    Let not a widow be taken into the number under threescore. 1 Tim. v. 9.

    Though so much of heav'n appears in my make,
    The foulest impressions I easily take.
    Swift.

  39. To persue; to go in.

                        He alone,
    To find where Adam shelter'd, took his way.
    Milton.

    To the port she takes her way,
    And stands upon the margin of the sea.
    Dryden.

    Give me leave to seize my destin'd prey,
    And let eternal justice take the way.
    Dryden.

    It was her fortune once to take her way
    Along the sandy margin of the sea.
    Dryden.

  40. To receive any temper or disposition of mind.

    They shall not take shame. Mic. ii. 6.

    Thou hast scourged me, and hast taken pity on me. Tob.

    They take delight in approaching to God. Isa. lviii. 2.

    Take a good heart, O Jerusalem. Bar. iv. 30.

    Men die in desire of some things which they take to heart. Bacon.

    Few are so wicked as to take delight
    In crimes unprofitable.
    Dryden.

    Children, if kept out of ill company, will take a pride to behave themselves prettily, perceiving themselves esteemed. Locke on Education.

  41. To endure; to bear.

    I can be as quiet as any body with those that are quarrelsome, and be as troublesome as another when I meet with those that will take it. L'Estrange.

    Won't you then take a jest? Spectator, № 422.

    He met with such a reception as those only deserve who are content to take it. Swift's Miscel.

  42. To draw; to derive.

    The firm belief of a future judgment, is the most forcible motive to a good life; because taken from this consideration of the most lasting happiness and misery. Tillotson.

  43. To leap; to jump over.

    That hand which had the strength, ev'n at your door,
    To cudgel you, and make you take the hatch.
    Shakesp.

  44. To assume.

                    Fit you to the custom,
    And take t'ye as your predecessors have,
    Your honour with your form.
    Shakesp. Coriolanus.

    I take liberty to say, that these propositions are so far from having an universal assent, that to a great part of mankind they are not known. Locke.

  45. To allow; to admit.

    Take not any term, howsoever authorized by the language of the schools, to stand for any thing till you have an idea of it. Locke.

    Chemists take, in our present controversy, something for granted which they ought to prove. Boyle.

  46. To receive with fondness.

    I lov'd you still, and took your weak excuses,
    Took you into my bosom.
    Dryden.

  47. To carry out for use.

    He commanded them that they should take nothing for their journey, save a staff. Mar. vi. 8.

  48. To suppose; to receive in thought; to entertain in opinion.

                    This I take it
    Is the main motive of our preparations.
    Shakespeare.

    The spirits that are in all tangible bodies are scarce known. Sometimes they take them for vacuum, whereas they are the most active of bodies. Bacon's Nat. Hist.

    The farmer took himself to have deserved as much as any man, in contributing more, and appearing sooner, in their first approach towards rebellion. Clarendon.

    Is a man unfortunate in marriage? Still it is because he was deceived; and so took that for virtue and affection which was nothing but vice in a disguise. South.

    Our depraved appetites cause us often to take that for true imitation of nature which has no resemblance of it. Dryden.

    So soft his tresses, fill'd with trickling pearl,
    You'd doubt his sex, and take him for a girl.
    Tate.

    Time is taken for so much of infinite duration, as is measured out by the great bodies of the universe. Locke.

    They who would advance in knowledge, should lay down this as a fundamental rule, not to take words for things. Locke.

    Few will take a proposition which amounts to no more than this, that God is pleased with the doings of what he himself commands for an innate moral principle, since it teaches so little. Locke.

    Some tories will take you for a whig, some whigs will take you for a tory. Pope.

    As I take it, the two principal branches of preaching are, to tell the people what is their duty, and then to convince them that it is so. Swift.

  49. To direct.

    Where injur'd Nisus takes his airy course,
    Hence trembling Scylla flies and shuns his foe.
    Dryden.

  50. To separate for one's self from any quantity; to remove for one's self from any place.

    I will take of them for priests. Isa. lxvi. 21.

    Hath God assayed to take a nation from the midst of another. Deut. iv. 34.

    I might have taken her to me to wife. Gen. xii. 19.

    Enoch walked with God, and he was not, for God took him. Gen. v. 24.

    The Lord took of the spirit that was upon him, and gave it unto the seventy elders.

    Four heifers from his female store he took. Dryden.

  51. Not to leave; not to omit.

    The discourse here is about ideas, which he says are real things, and we see in God: in taking this along with me, to make it prove any thing to his purpose, the argument must stand thus. Locke.

    Young gentlemen ought not only to take along with them a clear idea of the antiquities on medals and figures, but likewise to exercise their arithmetick in reducing the sums of money to those of their own country. Arbuthnot on Coins.

  52. To receive payments.

    Never a wife leads a better life than she does; do what she will, take all, pay all. Shakespeare.

  53. To obtain by mensuration.

    The knight coming to the taylor's to take measure of his gown, perceiveth the like gown cloth lying there. Camden.

    With a two foot rule in his hand measuring my walls, he took the dimensions of the room. Swift.

  54. To withdraw.

    Honeycomb, on the verge of threescore, took me aside, and asked me whether I would advise him to marry? Spectat.

  55. To seize with a transitory impulse; to affect so as not to last.

    Tiberius, noted for his niggardly temper, only gave his attendants their diet; but once he was taken with a fit of generosity, and divided them into three classes. Arbuthnot.

  56. To comprise; to comprehend.

    We always take the account of a future state into our schemes about the concerns of this world. Atterbury.

    Had those who would persuade us that there are innate principles, not taken them together in gross, but considered separately the parts, they would not have been so forward to believe they were innate. Locke.

  57. To have recourse to.

    A sparrow took a bush just as an eagle made a stoop at an hare. L'Estrange.

    The cat presently takes a tree, and sees the poor fox torn to pieces. L'Estrange.

  58. To produce; or suffer to be produced.

    No purposes whatsoever which are meant for the good of that land will prosper, or take good effect. Spenser.

  59. To catch in the mind.

    These do best who take material hints to be judged by history. Locke.

  60. To hire; to rent.

    If three ladies, like a luckless play,
    Takes the whole house upon the poet's day.
    Pope.

  61. To engage in; to be active in.

    Question your royal thoughts, make the case yours;
    Be now the father, and propose a son;
    Behold yourself so by a son disdain'd;
    And then imagine me taking your part,
    And in your pow'r so silencing your son.
    Shak. Henry IV.

  62. To suffer; to support.

    In streams, my boy, and rivers take thy chance,
    There swims, said he, thy whole inheritance.
    Addison.

    Now take your turn; and, as a brother shou'd,
    Attend your brother to the Stygian flood.
    Dryden's Æn.

  63. To admit in copulation.

    Five hundred asses yearly took the horse,
    Producing mules of greater speed and force.
    Sandys.

  64. To catch eagerly.

    Drances took the word; who grudg'd, long since,
    The rising glories of the Daunian prince.
    Dryden.

  65. To use as an oath or expression.

    Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord in vain. Exod.

  66. To seize as a disease.

    They that come abroad after these showers are commonly taken with sickness. Bacon.

    I am taken on the sudden with a swimming in my head. Dryden.

  67. To Take away. To deprive of.

    If any take away from the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life. Rev. xx. 19.

    The bill for taking away the votes of bishops was called a bill for taking away all temporal jurisdiction. Clarendon.

    Many dispersed objects breed confusion, and take away from the picture that grave majesty which gives beauty to the piece. Dryden.

    You should be hunted like a beast of prey,
    By your own law I take your life away.
    Dryden.

    The fun'ral pomp which to your kings you pay,
    Is all I want, and all you take away.
    Dryden's Æn.

    One who gives another any thing, has not always a right to take it away again. Locke.

    Not foes nor fortune takes this pow'r away,
    And is my Abelard less kind than they.
    Pope.

  68. To Take away. To set aside; to remove.

    If we take away all consciousness of pleasure and pain, it will be hard to know wherein to place personal identity. Locke.

  69. To Take care. To be careful; to be solicitous for; to superintend.

    Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that treadeth out the corn. Doth God take care for oxen? 1 Cor. ix. 9.

  70. To Take care. To be cautious; to be vigilant.

  71. To Take course. To have recourse to measures.

    They meant to take a course to deal with particulars by reconcilements, and cared not for any head. Bacon.

    The violence of storming is the course which God is forced to take for the destroying, but cannot, without changing the course of nature, for the converting of sinners. Hammond.

  72. To Take down. To crush; to reduce; to suppress.

    Do you think he is now so dangerous an enemy as he is counted, or that it is so hard to take him down as some suppose? Spenser on Ireland.

    Take down their mettle, keep them lean and bare. Dryd.

    Lacqueys were never so saucy and pragmatical as now, and he should be glad to see them taken down. Addison.

  73. To Take down. To swallow; to take by the mouth.

    We cannot take down the lives of living creatures, which some of the Paracelsians say, if they could be taken down, would make us immortal: the next for subtilty of operation, to take bodies putrefied, such as may be easily taken. Bacon.

  74. To Take from. To derogate; to detract.

    It takes not from you, that you were born with principles of generosity; but it adds to you that you have cultivated nature. Dryden.

  75. To Take from. To deprive of.

    Conversation will add to their knowledge, but be too apt to take from their virtue. Locke.

    Gentle gods take my breath from me. Shakespeare.

    I will smite thee, and take thine head from thee. 1 Sam.

  76. To Take heed. To be cautious; to beware.

    Take heed of a mischievous man. Ecclus. xi. 33.

                    Take heed lest passion
    Sway thy judgment to do ought.
    Milton.

    Children to serve their parents int'rest live,
    Take heed what doom against yourself you give.
    Dryden.

  77. To Take heed to. To attend.

    Nothing sweeter than to take heed unto the commandments of the Lord. Ecclus. xxiii. 27.

  78. To Take in. To comprise; to comprehend.

    These heads are sufficient for the explication of this whole matter; taking in some additional discourses, which make the work more even. Burnet's Theory of the Earth.

    This love of our country takes in our families, friends, and acquaintance. Addison.

    The disuse of the tucker has enlarged the neck of a fine woman, that at present it takes in almost half the body. Add.

    Of these matters no satisfactory account can be given by any mechanical hypothesis, without taking in the superintendence of the great Creator. Derham's Physico-Theol.

  79. To Take in. To admit.

    An opinion brought into his head by course, because he heard himself called a father, rather than any kindness that he found in his own heart, made him take us in. Sidney.

    A great vessel full being drawn into bottles, and then the liquor put again into the vessel, will not fill the vessel again so full as it was, but that it may take in more. Bacon.

    Porter was taken in not only as a bed-chamber servant, but as an useful instrument for his skill in the Spanish. Wotton.

    Let fortune empty her whole quiver on me,
    I have a soul, that, like an ample shield,
    Can take in all; and verge enough for more.
    Dryden.

    The sight and touch take in from the same object different ideas. Locke.

    There is the same irregularity in my plantations: I take in none that do not naturally rejoice in the soil. Spectator.

  80. To Take in. To win.

    He sent Asan-aga with the Janizaries; and pieces of great ordnance, to take in the other cities of Tunis. Knolles.

    Should a great beauty resolve to take me in with the artillery of her eyes, it would be as vain as for a thief to set upon a new robbed passenger. Suckling.

    Open places are easily taken in, and towns not strongly fortified make but a weak resistance. Felton on the Classicks.

  81. To Take in. To receive.

    We went before, and sailed unto Assos, there intending to take in Paul. Acts xx. 13.

    That which men take in by education is next to that which is natural. Tillotson's Sermons.

    As no acid is in an animal body but must be taken in by the mouth, so if it is not subdued it may get into the blood. Arbuthnot on Aliments.

  82. To Take in. To receive mentally.

    Though a created understanding can never take in the fulness of the divine excellencies, yet so much as it can receive is of greater value than any other object. Hale.

    The idea of extension joins itself so inseparably with all visible qualities, that it suffers to see no one without taking in impressions of extension too. Locke.

    It is not in the power of the most enlarged understanding to frame one new simple idea in the mind, not taken in by the ways afore-mentioned. Locke.

    A man can never have taken in his full measure of knowledge before he is hurried off the stage. Addison's Spect.

    Let him take in the instructions you give him in a way suited to his natural inclination. Watts.

    Some bright genius can take in a long train of propositions. Watts.

  83. To Take oath. To swear.

    The king of Babylon is come to Jerusalem, and hath taken of the king's seed, and of him taken an oath. Ezek.

    We take all oath of secrecy, for the concealing of those inventions which we think fit to keep secret. Bacon.

  84. To Take off. To invalidate; to destroy; to remove.

    You must forsake this room and go with us;
    Your power and your command is taken off,
    And Cassio rules in Cyprus.
    Shakespeare's Othello.

                          The cruel ministers
    Took off her life.
    Shakespeare.

    If the heads of the tribes can be taken off, and the missed multitude return to their obedience, such an extent of mercy is honourable. Bacon's Advice to Villiers.

    Sena loseth its windiness by decocting; and subtile or windy spirits are taken off by incension or evaporation. Bacon.

    To shop schisms, take off the principal authors by winning and advancing them, rather than enrage them by violence. Bac.

    What taketh off the objection is, that in judging scandal we are to look to the cause whence it cometh. Bishop Sanderson.

    The promises, the terrors, or the authority of the commander, must be the topick whence that argument is drawn; and all force of these is taken off by this doctrine. Hammond.

    It will not be unwelcome to these worthies, who endeavour the advancement of learning, as being likely to find a clear progression when so many untruths are taken off. Brown.

    This takes not off the force of our former evidence. Still.

    If the mark, by hindering its exportation, makes it less valuable, the melting pot can easily take it off. Locke.

    A man's understanding failing him, would take off that presumption most men have of themselves. Locke.

    It shews virtue in the fairest light, and takes off from the deformity of vice. Addison.

    When we would take off from the reputation of an action, we ascribe it to vain glory. Addison.

    This takes off from the elegance of our tongue, but expresses our ideas in the readiest manner. Addison.

    The justices decreed, to take off a halfpeny in a quart from the price of ale. Swift's Miscel.

    How many lives have been lost in hot blood, and how many likely to be taken off in cold. Blount to Pope.

    Favourable names are put upon ill ideas, to take off the odium. Watts.

  85. To Take off. To with-hold; to withdraw.

    He perceiving that we were willing to say somewhat, in great courtesy took us off, and condescended to ask us questions. Bacon.

    Your present distemper is not so troublesome, as to take you off from all satisfaction. Wake.

    There is nothing more resty and ungovernable than our thoughts: they will not be directed what objects to pursue, nor be taken off from those they have once fixed on; but run away with a man in pursuit of those ideas they have in view, let him do what he can. Locke.

    Keep foreign ideas from taking off our minds from its present pursuit. Locke.

  86. To Take off. To swallow.

    Were the pleasure of drinking accompanied, the moment a man takes off his glass, with that sick stomach which, in some men, follows not many hours after, nobody would ever let wine touch his lips. Locke.

  87. To Take off. To purchase.

    Corn, in plenty, the labourer will have at his own rate, else he'll not take it off the farmer's hands for wages. Locke.

    The Spaniards having no commodities that we will take off, above the value of one hundred thousand pounds per annum, cannot pay us. Locke.

    There is a project on foot for transporting our best wheaten straw to Dunstable, and obliging us to take off yearly so many ton of straw hats. Swift's Miscel.

  88. To Take off. To copy.

    Take off all their models in wood. Addison.

  89. To Take off. To find place for.

    The multiplying of nobility brings a state to necessity; and, in like manner, when more are bred scholars than preferments can take off. Bacon's Essays.

  90. To Take off. To remove.

    When Moses went in, he took the vail off until he came out. Exod. xxxiv. 34.

    If any would reign and take up all the time, let him take them off and bring others on. Bacon.

    He has taken you off, by a peculiar instance of his mercy, from the vanities and temptations of the world. Wake.

  91. To Take order with. To check; to take course with.

    Though he would have turned his teeth upon Spain, yet he was taken order with before it came to that. Bacon.

  92. To Take out. To remove from within any place.

                          Griefs are green;
    And all thy friends which thou must make thy friends
    Have but their stings and teeth newly ta'en out.
    Shakesp.

  93. To Take part. To share.

    Take part in rejoicing for the victory over the Turks. Pope.

  94. To Take place. To prevail; to have effect.

    Where arms take place, all other pleas are vain;
    Love taught me force, and force shall love maintain.
    Dry.

    The debt a man owes his father takes place, and gives the father a right to inherit. Locke.

  95. To Take up. To borrow upon credit or interest.

    The smooth pates now wear nothing but high shoes; and if a man is through with them in honest taking up, they stand upon security. Shakespeare.

    We take up corn for them, that we may eat and live. Neh.

    When Winter shuts the seas, she to the merchant goes,
    Rich crystals of the rock she takes up there,
    Huge agat vases, and old china ware.
    Dryden's Juvenal.

    I have anticipated already, and taken up from Boccace before I come to him. Dryden's Fables.

    Men, for want of due payment, are forced to take up the necessaries of life at almost double value. Swift.

  96. To be ready for; to engage with.

                                            His divisions
    Are, one power against the French,
    And one against Glendower; perforce, a third
    Must take up us.
    Shakesp. Henry IV.

  97. To Take up. To apply to the use of.

    We took up arms not to revenge ourselves,
    But free the commonwealth.
    Addison.

  98. To Take up. To begin.

    They shall take up a lamentation for me. Ezek. xxv. 17.

    Princes friendship, which they take up upon the accounts of judgment and merit, they most times lay down out of humour. South's Serm.

  99. To Take up. To fasten with a ligature passed under.

    A large vessel opened by incision must be taken up before you proceed. Sharp.

  100. To Take up. To engross; to engage.

                        Take my esteem,
    If from my heart you ask, or hope for more,
    I grieve the place is taken up before.
    Dryden.

    I intended to have left the stage, to which my genius never much inclined me, for a work which would have taken up my life in the performance. Dryden's Juvenal.

    Over-much anxiety in worldly things takes up the mind, hardly admitting so much as a thought of heaven. Duppa.

    To understand fully his particular calling in the commonwealth, and religion, which is his calling, as he is a man, takes up his whole time. Locke.

    Every one knows that mines alone furnish these: but withal, countries stored with mines are poor; the digging and refining of these metals taking up the labour, and wasting the number of the people. Locke.

    We were so confident of success, that most of my fellow-soldiers were taken up with the same imaginations. Addison.

    The following letter is from an artist, now taken up with this invention. Addison.

    There is so much time taken up in the ceremony, that before they enter on their subject the dialogue is half ended. Addison on ancient Medals.

    The affairs of religion and war took up Constantine so much, that he had not time to think of trade. Arbuthnot.

    When the compass of twelve books is taken up in these, the reader will wonder by what methods our author could prevent being tedious. Pope's Essay on Homer.

  101. To Take up. To have final recourse to.

    Arnobius asserts, that men of the finest parts and learning, rhetoricians, lawyers, physicians, despising the sentiments they had been once fond of, took up their rest in the Christian religion. Addison on the Christian Religion.

  102. To Take up. To seize; to catch; to arrest.

    Though the sheriff have this authority to take up all such stragglers, and imprison them; yet shall he not work that terror in their hearts that a marshal will, whom they know to have power of life and death. Spenser.

    I was taken up for laying them down. Shakespeare.

                        You have taken up,
    Under the counterfeited zeal of God,
    The subjects of his substitute, and here upswarm'd them.
    Shakespeare.

  103. To Take up. To admit.

    The ancients took up experiments upon credit, and did build great matters upon them. Bacon's Nat. Hist.

  104. To Take up. To answer by reproving; to reprimand.

    One of his relations took him up roundly, for stooping so much below the dignity of his profession. L'Estrange.

  105. To Take up. To begin where the former left off.

    The plot is purely fiction; for I take it up where the history has laid it down. Dryden's Don Sebastian.

    Soon as the evening shades prevail,
    The moon takes up the wond'rous tale,
    And nightly to the list'ning earth
    Repeats the story of her birth.
    Addison's Spect.

  106. To Take up. To lift.

    Take up these cloaths here quickly:
    Where's the cowlstaff?
    Shakespeare.

    The least things are taken up by the thumb and forefinger; when we would take up a greater quantity, we would use the thumb and all the fingers. Ray.

    Milo took up a calf daily on his shoulders, and at last arrived at firmness to bear the bull. Watts.

  107. To Take up. To occupy.

    The people by such thick throngs swarmed to the place, that the chambers which opened towards the scaffold were taken up. Hayward.

    All vicious enormous practices are regularly consequent, where the other hath taken up the lodging. Hammond.

    Committees, for the convenience of the common-council who took up the Guild-hall, sat in Grocer's-hall. Clarendon.

    When my concernment takes up no more room than myself, then so long as I know where to breathe, I know also where to be happy. South's Sermons.

    These things being compared, notwithstanding the room that mountains take up on the dry land, there would be at least eight oceans required. Burnet's Theory of the Earth.

    When these waters were annihilated, so much other matter must be created to take up their places. Burnet.

    Princes were so taken up with wars, that few could write or read besides those of the long robes. Temple.

    The buildings about took up the whole space. Arbuthnot.

  108. To Take up. To accommodate; to adjust.

    I have his horse to take up the quarrel. Shakespeare.

    The greatest empires have had their rise from the pretence of taking up quarrels, or keeping the peace. L'Estrange.

  109. To Take up. To comprise.

    I prefer in our countryman the noble poem of Palemon and Arcite, which is perhaps not much inferior to the Ilias, only it takes up seven years. Dryden's Fables.

  110. To Take up. To adopt; to assume.

    God's decrees of salvation and damnation have been taken up by some of the Romish and Reformed churches, affixing them to mens particular entities, absolutely considered. Hamm.

    The command in war is given to the strongest, or to the bravest; and in peace taken up and exercised by the boldest. Temple.

    Assurance is properly that confidence which a man takes up of the pardon of his sins, upon such grounds as the scripture lays down. South's Sermons.

    The French and we still change, but here's the curse,
    They change for better, and we change for worse.
    They take up our old trade of conquering,
    And we are taking their's to dance and sing.
    Dryden.

    He that will observe the conclusions men take up, must be satisfied they are not all rational. Locke.

    Celibacy, in the church of Rome, was commonly forced, and taken up, under a bold vow. Atterbury.

    Lewis Baboon had taken up the trade of clothier, without serving his time. Arbuthnot's Hist. of John Bull.

    Every man takes up those interests in which his humour engages him. Pope.

    If those proceedings were observed, morality and religion would soon become fashionable court virtues, and be taken up as the only methods to get or keep employments. Swfit.

  111. To Take up. To collect; to exact a tax.

    This great bassa was born in a poor country village, and in his childhood taken from his Cristian parents, by such as take up the tribute children. Knolles's Hist. of the Turks.

  112. To Take upon. To appropriate to; to assume; to admit to be imputed to.

    If I had no more wit than he, to take a fault upon me that he did, he had been hang'd for't. Shakespeare.

    He took not on him the nature of angels, but the seed of Abraham. Heb. ii. 16.

    For confederates, I will not take upon me the knowledge how the princes of Europe, at this day, stand affected towards Spain. Bacon's War with Spain.

    Would I could your suff'rings bear;
    Or once again could some new way invent,
    To take upon myself your punishment.
    Dryden.

    She loves me, ev'n to suffer for my sake;
    And on herself would my refusal take.
    Dryden.

  113. To Take upon. To assume; to claim authority.

    These dangerous, unsafe lunes i' th' king! beshrew them,
    He must be told on't, and he shall; the office
    Becomes a woman best: I'll take't upon me.
    Shakespeare.

    Look that you take upon you as you should. Shakespeare.

    This every translator taketh upon himself to do. Felton.

Sources: The Bible - 1. Corinthians (14) · The Bible - 1. Samuel (18) · The Bible - 1. Timothy (6) · The Bible - 2. Corinthians (10) · The Bible - 2. Maccabees (12) · The Bible - 2. Samuel (10) · The Bible - Acts (19) · Addison, Joseph (358) · Allestree, Richard (80) · Arbuthnot, John (209) · Atterbury, Francis (66) · Bacon, Francis (340) · The Bible - Baruch (2) · Blackmore, Richard (22) · Blount, Edward (1) · Boyle, Robert (68) · Browne, Thomas (184) · Burnet, Thomas (38) · Butler, Samuel (91) · Camden, William (24) · Clarendon, Edward (65) · Collier, Jeremy (22) · Shakespeare's Coriolanus (71) · Derham, William (20) · The Bible - Deuteronomy (18) · Dryden, John (680) · Duppa, Brian (4) · The Bible - Ecclesiasticus (26) · The Bible - Exodus (25) · The Bible - Ezekiel (10) · Felton, Henry (11) · The Bible - Genesis (40) · Graunt, John (8) · Hakewill, George (9) · Hale, Matthew (45) · Shakespeare's Hamlet (49) · Hammond, Henry (41) · Hayward, John (34) · The Bible - Hebrews (5) · Shakespeare's Henry IV, Part 2 (66) · The Bible - Isaiah (15) · The Bible - Jeremiah (11) · Jonson, Ben (62) · The Bible - Judges (11) · Shakespeare's King John (34) · Shakespeare's King Lear (127) · Knolles, Richard (37) · L'Estrange, Roger (115) · The Bible - Leviticus (11) · Locke, John (233) · The Bible - Luke (10) · Shakespeare's Macbeth (118) · The Bible - Mark (10) · Shakespeare's Merry Wives of Windsor (89) · The Bible - Micah (3) · Milton, John (389) · Mortimer, John (50) · The Bible - Nehemiah (5) · The Bible - Numbers (12) · Shakespeare's Othello (54) · Philips, Ambrose (8) · Pope, Alexander (358) · Prior, Matthew (141) · The Bible - Proverbs (18) · Raleigh, Walter (62) · Ray, John (55) · The Bible - Revelation (4) · Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet (40) · Rowe, Nicholas (20) · Sanderson, Robert (6) · Sandys, George (22) · Sharp, Samuel (10) · Sidney, Philip (125) · The Bible - Song of Solomon (1) · South, Robert (140) · Spectator (116) · Spenser, Edmund (224) · Steele, Richard (12) · Stillingfleet, Edward (33) · Suckling, John (13) · Swift, Jonathan (272) · Shakespeare's Taming of the Shrew (66) · Tate, Nahum (6) · Tatler (22) · Shakespeare's Tempest (47) · Temple, William (47) · Tillotson, John (58) · The Bible - Tobit (5) · Shakespeare's Twelfth Night (33) · Shakespeare's Two Gentlemen of Verona (36) · Wake, William (7) · Waller, Edmund (49) · Watts, Isaac (102) · Shakespeare's Winter's Tale (36) · Wotton, Henry (42)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "Take (verb active)." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: January 5, 2013. http://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/?p=2040.


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