A Dictionary of the English Language
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Dry (verb active)

View Scan · View Transcription · from pages 657, 658

View Scan · View Transcription · from pages 657, 658

To Dry. v.a.

  1. To free from moisture; to arefy; to exsiccate.

    The meat was well, if you were so contented.
    — I tell thee, Kate, 'twas burnt, and dry'd away,
    And I expressly am forbid to touch it.
    Shakespeare.

    Heat drieth bodies that do easily expire; as parchment, leaves, roots, and clay; and so doth time or age arefy, as in the same bodies. Bacon's Natural History, №. 294.

    Herbs and flowers, if they be dried in the shade, or dried in the hot sun a small time, keep best. Bacon's Nat. History.

            The running streams are deep:
    See, they have caught the father of the flock;
    Who dryes his fleece upon the neighbouring rock.
    Dryden.

  2. To exhale moisture.

    'Twas grief no more, or grief and rage were one,
    Within her soul: at last 'twas rage alone;
    Which burning upwards in succession, dries
    The tears that stood considering in her eyes.
    Dryd. Fables.

    The water of the sea, which formerly covered it, was in time exhaled and dried up by the sun. Woodward's Nat. Hist.

  3. To wipe away moisture.

    Then with her vest the wound she wipes and dries. Denh.

    See, at your blest returning,
    Rage disappears;
    The widow'd isle in mourning,
    Dries up her tears. Dryden's Albion.

  4. To scorch with thirst.

    Their honourable men are famished, and their multitude dried up with thirst. Is. v. 13.

  5. To drain; to exhaust.

                        Rash Elpenor, in an evil hour,
    Dry'd an immeasurable bowl, and thought
    T' exhale his surfeit by irriguous sleep
    Imprudent: him, death's iron sleep opprest.
    Phillips.

Sources: Bacon, Francis (396) · Denham, John (75) · Dryden, John (788) · The Bible - Isaiah (16) · Philips, John (42) · Shakespeare's Taming of the Shrew (71) · Woodward, John (78)

Attributes: Verb Active (289)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "Dry (verb active)." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: April 26, 2014. http://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/?p=20415.


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