A Dictionary of the English Language
                        A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson
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Affiance (verb)

View Scan · View Transcription · from page 93

View Scan · View Transcription · from page 93

To Afi'ance. v.a. [from the noun affiance.]

  1. To betroth; to bind any one by promise to marriage.

    To me, sad maid, or rather widow sad,
    He was affianced long time before,
    And sacred pledges he both gave and had;
    False, errant knight, infamous, and foreswore.
    Fairy Queen.

    Her should Angelo have married; was affianced to her by oath, and the nuptial appointed; between which time of the contract, and limit of the solemnity, his brother was wrecked, having, in that vessel, the dowry of his sister. Sh. Meas. for M.

  2. To give confidence.

    Stranger! whoe'er thou art, securely rest,
    Affianc'd in my faith, a friendly guest.
    Pope's Oddyssey.

Sources: Shakespeare's Measure for Measure (39) · Pope, Alexander (393) · Spenser, Edmund (254)

Attributes: Verb Active (289)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "Affiance (verb)." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: May 25, 2014. http://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/?p=21063.


  1. Johnson spells the headword with one “f” even though the word is spelled with two everywhere else.

  2. Brandi on May 25th, 2014 at 3:39 pm
  3. The Measure for Measure quote should read “her brother was wrecked.”

  4. Brandi on May 25th, 2014 at 3:40 pm

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