A Dictionary of the English Language
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Correct (verb)

View Scan · View Transcription · from pages 480, 481

View Scan · View Transcription · from pages 480, 481

To Corre'ct. v.a. [corrigo correctum, Latin.]

  1. To punish; to chastise; to discipline.

    Sad accidents, and a state of affliction, is a school of virtue; it corrects levity, and interrupts the confidence of sinning. Tayl.

    After he has once been corrected for a lie, you must be sure never after to pardon it in him. Locke on Education.

    Children being to be restrained by the parents only in vicious things, a look or nod only ought to correct them, when they do amiss. Locke on Education.

  2. To amend; to take away faults, in writings or life.

    This is a defect in the first make of some men's minds, which can scarce ever be corrected afterwards, either by learning or age. Burnet's Theory of the Earth, Preface.

    Correcting nature, from what actually she is in individuals, to what she ought to be, and what she was created. Dryden.

    I writ, because it amused me; I corrected, because it was as pleasant to me to correct as to write. Pope's Preface.

    The mind may cool, and be at leisure to attend to its domestick concern; to consider what habit wants to be corrected, and what inclination to be subdued. Rogers's Sermons.

  3. To obviate the qualities of one ingredient by another, or by any method of preparation.

    As in habitual gout or stone,
    The only thing that can be done,
    Is to correct your drink and diet,
    And keep the inward foe in quiet.
    Prior.

    In cases of acidity, water is the proper drink: its quality of relaxing may be corrected by boiling it with some animal substances; as ivory or hartshorn. Arbuthnot on Aliments.

  4. To remark fault.

Sources: Arbuthnot, John (227) · Burnet, Thomas (45) · Dryden, John (788) · Locke, John (269) · Pope, Alexander (393) · Prior, Matthew (162) · Rogers, John (38) · Taylor, Jeremy (57)

Attributes: Latin (690) · Verb Active (289)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "Correct (verb)." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: September 7, 2014. http://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/?p=21539.


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