A Dictionary of the English Language
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Mace

View Scan · View Transcription · from page 1239

View Scan · View Transcription · from page 1239

Mace. n.s. [maʒʒa, Saxon; maça, Spanish.]

  1. An ensign of authority worn before magistrates.

    He mightily upheld that royal mace
    Which now thou bear'st.
    Fairy Queen, b. ii.

    Death with his mace petrifick smote. Milton.

  2. [Massue, French; massa, Latin.] A heavy blunt weapon; a club of metal.

                      O murth'rous slumber!
    Lay'st thou thy leaden mace upon my boy
    That plays thee musick?
    Shakesp. Julius Cæsar.

    The Turkish troops breaking in with their scymitars and heavy iron maces, made a most bloody execution. Knolles.

    With his mace their monarch struck the ground;
    With inward trembling earth receiv'd the wound,
    And rising streams a ready passage found.
    Dryden.

    The mighty maces with such haste descend,
    They break the bones, and make the solid armour bend.
    Dryden's Knight's Tale.

  3. [Macis, Latin.] A kind of spice.

    The nutmeg is inclosed in a threefold covering, of which the second is mace: it is a thin and flat membranaceous substance, of an oleaginous, and a yellowish colour: it has an extremely fragrant, aromatick, and agreeable smell, and a pleasant, but acrid and oleaginous taste. Mace is carminative, stomachick, and astringent. Hill's Mat. Med.

    Water, vinegar, and honey, is a most excellent sudorifick: it is more effectual with a little mace added to it. Arbuthnot.

Sources: Arbuthnot, John (227) · Dryden, John (788) · Hill, John (29) · Shakespeare's Julius Caesar (42) · Knolles, Richard (44) · Milton, John (449) · Spenser, Edmund (254)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "Mace." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: July 15, 2013. http://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/?p=2503.


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