A Dictionary of the English Language
                        A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson
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Yard

View Scan · View Transcription · from page 2309

View Scan · View Transcription · from page 2309

Yard. n.s. [ᵹaꞃꝺ, Saxon.]

  1. Inclosed ground adjoining to an house.

    One of the lions leaped down into a neighbour's yard, where, nothing regarding the crowing of the cocks, he eat them up. Brown's Vulgar Errours.

    Xanthus one day sent Æsop into the yard, and bade him look well about him. L'Estrange.

    His wanton kids with budding horns prepar'd,
    Fight harmless battles in his homely yard.
    Dryden.

  2. [ᵹꞃꝺ, Saxon.] A measure of three feet.

    A peer, a counsellor, and a judge, are not to be measured by the common yard, but by the pole of special grace. Bacon.

    The arms, spread cross in a straight line, and measured from one end of the long finger on one hand, to that of the other; made a measure equal to the stature, and in named a fathom. Half of that, viz. from the end of the long finger of either arm, so spread, to the middle of the breast is, with us, called a yard. Holder on Time.

    An aqueduct of a Gothick structure, that conveys water from mount St. Francis to Spoletto, from the foundation of the lowest arch to the top, is two hundred and thirty yards. Add.

  3. The supports of the sails.

    A breeze from shore began to blow;
    The sailors ship their oars, and cease to row;
    Then hoist their yards a-trip, and all their sails
    Let fall to court the wind.
    Dryden.

Sources: Addison, Joseph (408) · Bacon, Francis (396) · Dryden, John (788) · Holder, William (38)

Attributes: Noun Substantive (1269) · Saxon (215)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "Yard." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: February 16, 2014. http://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/?p=2871.


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