A Dictionary of the English Language
                        A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson
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Eagle

View Scan · View Transcription · from pages 666, 667

View Scan · View Transcription · from pages 666, 667

Eágle. n.s. [aigle, French; aquila, Latin; ealler, Erse.]

  1. A bird of prey, which, as it is reported, renews its age when it grows old. But some think that this recovery of youth happens no otherwise in the eagle than in other birds, by casting their feathers every year in the moulting season, and having others in their room. It is also said not to drink at all, like other birds with sharp claws. It is given out, that when an eagle sees its young so well grown as to venture upon flying, it hovers over their nest, flutters with its wings, and excites them to imitate it, and take their flight; and when it sees them weary, or fearful, it takes and carries them upon its back. Eagles are said to be extremely sharp-sighted, and, when they take flight, spring perpendicularly upward, with their eyes steadily fixed upon the sun, mounting 'till, by their distance, they disappear. Calmet.

                              Dismay'd not this
    Our captains Macbeth and Banquo?
    — — Yes,
    As sparrows eagles, or the hare the lion.
    Shakesp. Macbeth.

    Draw forth the monsters of th' abyss profound,
    Or fetch th' aerial eagle to the ground.
    Pope's Ess. on Man.

  2. The standard of the ancient Romans.

    Arts still follow'd where Rome's eagles flew. Pope.

Sources: Calmet, Antoine Augustin (10) · Shakespeare's Macbeth (136) · Pope, Alexander (393)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "Eagle." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: November 10, 2012. http://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/?p=3905.


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