A Dictionary of the English Language
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Man (noun)

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Man. n.s. [man, mon, Saxon.]

  1. Human being.

    The king is but a man as I am; the violet smells to him as it doth to me; the element shews to him as it doth to me, all his senses have but human conditions. Shakesp.

    All the west bank of Nilus is possessed by an idolatrous, man-eating nation. Brerewood on Languages.

    A creature of a more exalted kind
    Was wanted yet, and then was man design'd,
    Conscious of thought.
    Dryden's Ovid.

    Nature in man capacious souls hath wrought,
    And given them voice expressive of their thought;
    In man the God descends, and joys to find
    The narrow image of his greater mind.
    Creech's Manilius.

    A combination of the ideas of a certain figure, with the powers of motion, and reasoning joined to substance, make the ordinary idea of a man. Locke.

    On human actions reason though you can,
    It may be reason, but it is not man.
    Pope's Epistles.

  2. Not a woman.

    Bring forth men children only!
    For thy undaunted metal should compose
    Nothing but males.
    Shakespeare's King Lear.

    I had not so much of man in me,
    But all my mother came into mine eyes,
    And gave me up to tears.
    Shakespeare's Henry V.

    Every man child shall be circumcised. Gen. xvii. 10.

    Ceneus, a woman once, and once a man,
    But ending in the sex she first began.
    Dryden's Æn.

    A long time since the custom began, among people of quality, to keep men cooks of the French nation. Swift.

  3. Not a boy.

    The nurse's legends are for truths receiv'd,
    And the man dreams but what the boy believ'd.
    Drydan.

  4. A servant; an attendant; a dependant.

    Now thanked be the great god Pan,
    Which thus preserves my loved life,
    Thanked be I that keep a man,
    Who ended hath this bloody strife:
    For if my man must praises have,
    What then must I that keep the knave?
    Sidney, b. i.

                My brother's servants
    Were then my fellows, now they are my men.
    Shakesp.

    Such gentlemen as are his majesty's own sworn servants should be preferred to the charge of his majesty's ships; choice being made of men of valour and capacity rather than to employ other mens men. Raleigh's Essays.

    I and my man will presently go ride
    Far as the Cornish mount.
    Cowley.

  5. A word of familiarity bordering on contempt.

    You may partake of any thing we say:
    We speak no treason, man.
    Shakesp. Richard III.

  6. It is used in a loose signification like the French on, one, any one.

    This same young sober-blooded boy doth not love me, nor a man cannot make him laugh. Shakesp. Henry IV.

    A man in an instant may discover the assertion to be impossible. More's Divine Dialogues.

    He is a good-natured man, and will give as much as a man would desire. Stillingfleet.

    By ten thousand of them a man shall not be able to advance one step in knowledge. Tillotson's Sermons.

    Our thoughts will not be directed what objects to pursue, nor be taken off from those they have once fixed on; but run away with a man, in pursuit of those ideas they have in view. Locke.

    A man would expect to find some antiquities; but all they have to show of this nature is an old rostrum of a Roman ship. Addison.

    A man might make a pretty landscape of his own plantation. Addison.

  7. One of uncommon qualifications.

    Manners maketh man. William of Wickham.

    I dare do all that may become a man;
    Who dares do more is none.
                — What beast was't then
    That made you break this enterprise to me?
    When you durst do it, then you were a man;
    And, to be more than what you were, you would
    Be so much more the man.
    Shakespeare's Macbeth.

    He tript me behind, being down, insulted, rail'd,
    And put upon him such a deal of man,
    That worthied him.
    Shakespeare's King Lear.

    Will reckons he should not have been the man he is, had not he broke windows, and knocked down constables, when he was a young fellow. Addison's Spect. № 105.

  8. A human being qualified in any particular manner.

    Thou art but a youth, and he a man of war from his youth. 1 Sam. xvii. 33.

  9. Individual.

    In matters of equity between man and man, our Saviour has taught us to put my neighbour in the place of myself, and myself in the place of my neighbour. Watt's Logick.

  10. Not a beast.

    Thy face, bright Centaur, autumn's heats retain,
    The softer season suiting to the man.
    Creech's Manilius.

  11. Wealthy or independant person: to this sense some refer the following passage of Shakespeare, others to the sense next foregoing.

    There would this monster make a man; any strange beast there makes a man. Shakespeare's Tempest.

    What poor man would not carry a great burthen of gold to be made a man for ever. Tillotson's Sermons.

  12. When a person is not in his senses, we say, he is not his own man. Ains.

  13. A moveable piece at chess or draughts.

  14. Man of war. A ship of war.

    A Flemish man of war lighted upon them, and overmastered them. Carew's Survey of Cornwall.

Sources: The Bible - 1. Samuel (18) · Addison, Joseph (408) · Ainsworth, Robert (56) · Brerewood, Edward (4) · Carew, Thomas (36) · Cowley, Abraham (19) · Creech, Thomas (12) · Dryden, John (788) · The Bible - Genesis (48) · Shakespeare's Henry IV, Part 2 (72) · Shakespeare's Henry V (66) · Shakespeare's King Lear (144) · Locke, John (269) · Shakespeare's Macbeth (136) · More, Henry (28) · Pope, Alexander (393) · Raleigh, Walter (68) · Shakespeare's Richard III (63) · Sidney, Philip (140) · Stillingfleet, Edward (38) · Swift, Jonathan (306) · Shakespeare's Tempest (50) · Tillotson, John (68) · Watts, Isaac (117) · William of Wykeham (1)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "Man (noun)." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: January 5, 2013. http://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/?p=5021.


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