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Have

View Scan · View Transcription · from pages 974, 973

View Scan · View Transcription · from pages 974, 973

To Have. v.a. pret. and part. pass. had. [haben, Gothick; habban, Saxon; hebben, Dutch; avoir, French; avere, Ital.]

  1. Not to be without.

    I have brought him before you, that after examination had I might have something to write. Acts xxv. 26.

  2. To carry; to wear.

    Upon the mast they saw a young man, who sat as on horseback, having nothing upon him. Sidney.

  3. To make use of.

    I have no Levite to my priest. Judg. xvii. 13.

  4. To possess.

    He that gathered much had nothing over, and he that gathered little had no lack. Ex. xvi. 18.

  5. To bear; to carry; to be attended with or united to, as an accident or concomitant.

    I will never trust a man again for keeping his sword clean; nor believe he can have every thing in him, by wearing his apparel neatly. Shakespeare's All's well that ends well.

  6. To obtain; to enjoy.

    Now, O Father, glorify me with thine own self, with the glory which I had with thee before the world was. Jo. xvii. 5.

  7. To take; to receive;

    A secret happiness, in Petronius, is called curiosa felicitas, and which I suppose he had from the feliciter audere of Horace. Dryden.

  8. To be in any state.

    Have I need of madmen, that ye have brought this fellow? 1 Sa. xxi. 15.

  9. To put; to take.

    With tossing and raking, and setting on cox,
    Grass lately in swathes is meat for an oxe;
    That done, go and cart it, and have it away.
    Tuss. Husb.

  10. To procure; to find.

    I would fain have any one name to me that tongue, that any one can speak as he should do, by the rules of grammar. Locke on Education.

  11. Not to neglect; not to omit.

    I cannot speak; if my heart be not ready to burst: Well, sweet Jack, have a care of thyself. Shakespeare's Henry IV.

    Your plea is good; but still I say beware:
    Laws are explain'd by men, so have a care.
    Pope.

  12. To hold; to regard.

    Of the maid servants shall I be had in honour. 2 Sa. vi. 22.

    The proud have had me greatly in derision. Ps. cxix. 51.

  13. To maintain; to hold opinion.

    Sometimes they will have them to be natural heat, whereas some of them are crude and cold; and sometimes they will have them to be the qualities of the tangible parts, whereas they are things by themselves. Bacon's Natural History.

  14. To contain.

    You have of these pedlars that have more in 'em than you'd think, sister. Shakespeare's Winter's Tale.

  15. To require; to claim.

    What would these madmen have?
    First they would bribe us without pence,
    Deceive us without common sense,
    And without pow'r enslave.
    Dryden.

  16. To be a husband or wife to another.

    If I had been married to him, for all he was in woman's apparel, I would not have had him. Shakespeare.

  17. To be engaged, as in a task.

    If we maintain things that are established, we have to strive with a number of heavy prejudices, deeply rooted in the hearts of men. Hooker, b. i. s. 1.

    The Spaniards captain never hath to meddle with his soldiers pay. Spenser on Ireland.

    You did set your course to treat of the evils which hindered the peace and good ordering of that land, among which that of the inconvenience of the laws was the first which you had in hand. Spenser on Ireland.

    Kings have to deal with their neighbours, their wives, their children, their prelates or clergy, their nobles, their merchants and their commons. Bacon's Essays.

  18. To wish; to desire.

    I had rather be a door-keeper in the house of my God, than to dwell in the tents of wickedness. Ps. lxxxiv. 10.

    I would have no man discouraged with that kind of life or series of actions, in which the choices of others, or his own necessities, may have engaged him. Addison.

  19. To buy.

    If these trifles were rated only by art and artfulness, we should have them much cheaper. Collier on human Reason.

  20. It is most used in English, as in other European languages, as an auxiliary verb to make the tenses. Have the preter-perfect, and had the preterpluperfect.

    If there had been words enow between them to have expressed provocation, they had gone together by the ears. Cong.

    I have heard one of the greatest genius's this age has produced, who had been trained up in all the polite studies of antiquity, assure me, upon his being obliged to search into records, that he at last took an incredible pleasure in it. Addison.

    I have not here considered custom as it makes things easy, but as it renders them delightful; and though others have made the same reflections, it is impossible they may not have drawn those uses from it. Addison.

    That admirable precept which Pythagoras is said to have given to his disciples, and which that philosopher must have drawn from the observation I have enlarged upon. Addison.

    The gods have placed labour before virtue. Addison.

    This observation we have made on man. Addison.

    Evil spirits have contracted in the body habits of lust and sensuality, malice and revenge. Addison.

    These torments have already taken root in them. Addison.

    It has been finely improved by many divines. Addison.

    That excellent author has shewn how every particular custom and habit of virtue will, in its own nature, produce the heaven, or a state of happiness, in him who shall hereafter practise it. Addison.

  21. Have at, or with, is an expression denoting resolution to make some attempt.

    He that will caper with me for a thousand marks, let him lend me the money, and have at him. Shak. Henry IV. p. ii.

    I can bear my part; 'tis my occupation: have at it with you. Shakespeare's Winter's Tale.

    I never was out at a mad frolick, though this is the maddest I ever undertook: have with you, lady mine; I take you at your word. Dryden's Spanish Fryar.

Sources: The Bible - 1. Samuel (18) · The Bible - 2. Samuel (10) · The Bible - Acts (20) · Addison, Joseph (408) · Shakespeare's All's Well That Ends Well (21) · Bacon, Francis (396) · Collier, Jeremy (24) · Congreve, William (7) · Dryden, John (788) · The Bible - Exodus (25) · Shakespeare's Henry IV, Part 2 (72) · Hooker, Richard (175) · The Bible - John (15) · The Bible - Judges (13) · Locke, John (269) · Shakespeare's Merry Wives of Windsor (95) · Pope, Alexander (393) · The Bible - Psalms (29) · Sidney, Philip (140) · Spenser, Edmund (254) · Tusser, Thomas (25) · Shakespeare's Winter's Tale (43)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "Have." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: November 3, 2012. http://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/?p=5148.


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