A Dictionary of the English Language
                        A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson
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Alien (noun)

View Scan · View Transcription · from pages 108, 109

View Scan · View Transcription · from pages 108, 109

A'lien. n.s. [alienus, Lat.]

  1. A foreigner; not a denison; a man of another country or family; not allied; a stranger.

    In whomsoever these things are, the church doth acknowledge them for her children; them only she holdeth for aliens and strangers, in whom these things are not found. Hooker.

    If it be prov'd against an alien,
    He seeks the life of any citizen,
    The party, 'gainst the which he doth contrive,
    Shall seize on half his goods.
    Shakesp. Merch. of Venice.

    The mere Irish were not only accounted aliens, but enemies, and altogether out of the protection of the law; so as it was no capital offence to kill them. Sir John Davies on Ireland.

    Thy place in council thou hast rudely lost,
    Which by thy younger brother is supply'd,
    And art almost an alien to the hearts
    Of all the court and princes of my blood.
    Shak. Henry IV.

    Their famous lawgiver condemned the persons, who sat idle in divisions dangerous to the government, as aliens to the community, and therefore to be cut off from it. Addison. Freeholder.

  2. In law.

    An alien is one born in a strange country, and never enfranchised. A man born out of the land, so it be within the limits beyond the seas, or of English parents out of the king's obedience, so the parents, at the time of the birth, be of the king's obedience, is not alien. If one born out of the king's allegiance, come and dwell in England, his children (if he beget any here) are not aliens, but denizens. Cowell.

Sources: Addison, Joseph (408) · Cowell, John (42) · Davies, John (45) · Shakespeare's Henry IV, Part 1 (46) · Hooker, Richard (175) · Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice (83)

Attributes: Latin (690) · Noun Substantive (1269)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "Alien (noun)." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: January 25, 2014. http://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/?p=5860.


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