A Dictionary of the English Language
                        A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson
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Friend (noun)

View Scan · View Transcription · from pages 861, 861

View Scan · View Transcription · from pages 861, 861

Friend. n.s. [vriend, Dutch; freond, Saxon.] This word, with its derivatives, is pronounced frend, frendly: the i totally neglected.

  1. One joined to another in mutual benevolence and intimacy: opposed to foe or enemy.

            Friends of my soul, you twain
    Rule in this realm, and the gor'd state sustain.
    Shakesp.

    Some man is a friend for his own occasion, and will not abide in the day of thy trouble. Ecclus. vi. 8.

    God's benison go with you, and with those
    That would make good of bad, and friends of foes.
    Shakes.

        Wonder not to see this soul extend
    The bounds, and seek some other self, a friend.
    Dryden.

  2. One without hostile intentions.

    Who comes so fast in silence of the night?
    — A friend.
    — What friend? your name?
    Shakep. Merchant of Venice.

  3. One reconciled to another: this is put by the custom of the language somewhat irregularly in the plural number.

            He's friends with Cæsar,
    In state of health thou say'st, and thou say'st free.
    Shakesp.

    My son came then into my mind; and yet my mind
    Was then scarce friends with him.
    Shak. King Lear.

  4. An attendant, or companion.

    The king ordains their entrance, and ascends
    His regal seat, surrounded by his friends.
    Dryden's Æn.

  5. Favourer; one propitious.

    Aurora riding upon Pegasus, sheweth her swiftness, and how she is a friend to poetry and all ingenious inventions. Peacham.

  6. A familiar compellation.

    Friend, how camest thou in hither? Mat. xxii. 12.

            What supports me, do'st thou ask?
    The conscience, friend, t'have lost mine eyes o'erply'd
    In liberty's defence.
    Milton.

Sources: Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra (57) · Dryden, John (788) · The Bible - Ecclesiasticus (27) · Shakespeare's King Lear (144) · Shakespeare's Macbeth (136) · The Bible - Matthew (21) · Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice (83) · Milton, John (449) · Peacham, Henry (53)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "Friend (noun)." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: November 28, 2012. http://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/?p=6493.


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