A Dictionary of the English Language
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Heave (verb active)

View Scan · View Transcription · from pages 984, 983

View Scan · View Transcription · from pages 984, 983

To Heave. v.a. pret. heaved, anciently hove; part. heaved, or hoven.

  1. To lift; to raise from the ground.

    So stretch'd out huge in length the arch fiend lay,
    Chain'd on the burning lake; nor ever hence
    Had ris'n, or heav'd his head, but that the will
    And high permission of all-ruling heaven
    Left him at large.
    Milton's Paradise Lost, b. i.

  2. To carry.

            Now we bear the king
    Tow'rd Calais: grant him there; and there being seen,
    Heave him away upon your winged thoughts
    Athwart the sea.
    Shakespeare's Henry V.

  3. To raise; to lift.

    So daunted, when the giant saw the knight,
    His heavy hand he heaved up on high,
    And him to dust thought to have batter'd quite.
    Fa. Queen.

    Unhappy that I am, I cannot heave
    My heart into my mouth: I love your majesty
    According to my bond, no more nor less.
    Shakesp. K. Lear.

                    He dy'd in fight;
    Fought next my person, as in consort sought,
    Save when he heav'd his shield in my defence,
    And so on his naked side receiv'd my wound.
    Dryd. Don. Seb.

  4. To cause to swell.

    The groans of ghosts, that cleave the earth with pain,
    And heave it up: they pant and stick half way.
    Dryden.

                The glittering finny swarms,
    That heave our friths and croud upon our shores.
    Thomson.

  5. To force up from the breast.

            Made she no verbal quest?
    — Yes, once or twice she heav'd the name of father
    Pantingly forth, as if it prest her heart.
    Shak. King Lear.

    The wretched animal heav'd forth such groans,
    That their discharge did stretch his leathern coat
    Almost to bursting.
    Shakesp. As you like it.

  6. To exalt; to elevate.

            Poor shadow, painted queen;
    One heav'd on high, to be hurl'd down below.
    Shak. R. III.

  7. To puff; to elate.

    The Scots, heaved up into high hope of victory, took the English for foolish birds fallen into their net, forsook their hill, and marched into the plain. Hayward.

Sources: Shakespeare's As You Like It (40) · Dryden, John (788) · Hayward, John (42) · Shakespeare's Henry V (66) · Shakespeare's King Lear (144) · Milton, John (449) · Shakespeare's Richard III (63) · Spenser, Edmund (254) · Thomson, James (73)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "Heave (verb active)." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: December 27, 2012. http://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/?p=6804.


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