A Dictionary of the English Language
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Young (adjective)

View Scan · View Transcription · from page 2313

View Scan · View Transcription · from page 2313

Young. adj. [ıonᵹ, ẏonᵹ, Saxon; jong, Dutch.]

  1. Being in the first part of life; not old.

    Guests should be interlarded, after the Persian custom, by ages young and old. Carew's Survey of Cornwall.

    He woos both high and low, both rich and poor,
    Both young and old.
    Shakespeare.

    There's not the smallest orb which thou behold'st,
    But in his motion like an angel sings,
    Still quiring to the young-ey'd cherubims.
    Shakespeare.

                    I firmly am resolv'd
    Not to bestow my youngest daughter,
    Before I have a husband for the elder.
    Shakespeare.

                Thou old and true Menenius,
    Thy tears are salter than a younger man's,
    And venomous to thine eyes.
    Shakespeare's Coriolanus.

    He ordain'd a lady for his prize,
    Generally praiseful, fair and young, and skill'd in housewiferies.
    Chapman.

    In timorous deer he hansels his young paws,
    And leaves the rugged bear for firmer claws.
    Cowley.

    Nor need'st by thy daughter to be told,
    Though now thy sprity blood with age be cold,
    Thou hast been young.
    Dryden.

    When we say a man is young, we mean that his age is yet but a small part of that which usually men attain to: and when we denominate him old, we mean that his duration is run out almost to the end of that which men do not usually exceed. Locke.

    It will be but an ill example to prove, that dominion, by God's ordination, belonged to the eldest son; because Jacob the youngest here had it. Locke.

    From earth they rear him struggling now with death,
    And Nestor's youngest stops the vents of breath.
    Pope.

  2. Ignorant; weak.

    Come, elder brother, thou art too young in this. Shakesp.

  3. It is sometimes applied to vegetable life.

    There be trees that bear best when they begin to be old, as almonds; the cause is, for that all trees that bear must have an oily fruit; and young trees have a more watry juice, and less concocted. Bacon.

Sources: Shakespeare's As You Like It (40) · Bacon, Francis (396) · Carew, Thomas (36) · Chapman, George (6) · Shakespeare's Coriolanus (80) · Cowley, Abraham (19) · Dryden, John (788) · Locke, John (269) · Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice (83) · Shakespeare's Merry Wives of Windsor (95) · Pope, Alexander (393) · Shakespeare's Taming of the Shrew (71)

Attributes: Adjective (426) · Dutch (90) · Saxon (215)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "Young (adjective)." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: December 21, 2013. http://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/?p=7897.


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