A Dictionary of the English Language
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This

View Scan · View Transcription · from pages 2048, 2049

View Scan · View Transcription · from pages 2048, 2049

This. pronoun. [ðis, Saxon.]

  1. That which is present; what is now mentioned.

    Bardolph and Nim had more valour than this, yet they were both hang'd; and so would this be, if he durst steal. Shak.

    Come a little nearer this ways. Shakespeare.

    Within this three mile may you see it coming,
    I say a moving grove.
    Shakesp. Macbeth.

    Must I endure all this? Shakesp. Julius Cæsar.

    This fame shall not comfort us concerning our toil. Gen. v. 29.

    This is not the place for a large reduction. Hale.

    There is a very great inequality among men as to their internal endowments, and their external conditions, in this life. Calamy's Sermons.

  2. The next future.

    Let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak yet but this once: peradventure ten shall be found there. Gen. xviii. 32.

  3. This is used for this time.

    By this the vessel half her course had run. Dryden.

  4. The last past.

    I have not wept this forty years; but now
    My mother comes afresh into my eyes.
    Dryden.

  5. It is often opposed to that.

    As when two winds with rival force contend,
    This way and that, the wav'ring sails they bend,
    While freezing Boreas and black Eurus blow,
    Now here, now there, the reeling vessel throw.
    Pope.

    According as the small parts of matter are connected together after this or that determinate manner, a body of this or that denomination is produced. Boyle.

    Do we not often hear of this or that young heir? are not his riches and his lewdness talkt of together? South's Serm.

    This way and that the impatient captives tend,
    And pressing for release the mountains rend.
    Dryden.

  6. When this and that respect a former sentence, this relates to the latter, that to the former member.

    Their judgment in this we may not, and in that we need not, follow. Hooker.

  7. Sometimes it is opposed to the other.

    Consider the arguments which the author had to write this, or to design the other, before you arraign him. Dryden.

    With endless pain, this man persues
    What, if he gain'd, he could not use:
    And t'other fondly hopes to see
    What never was, nor e'er shall be.
    Prior.

Sources: Boyle, Robert (84) · Calamy, Benjamin (8) · Dryden, John (788) · The Bible - Genesis (48) · Hale, Matthew (49) · Shakespeare's Henry V (66) · Hooker, Richard (175) · Shakespeare's Julius Caesar (42) · Shakespeare's Macbeth (136) · Shakespeare's Merry Wives of Windsor (95) · Pope, Alexander (393) · Prior, Matthew (162) · South, Robert (158)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "This." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: January 7, 2012. http://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/?p=8727.


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