A Dictionary of the English Language
                        A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson
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Alphabetical List of Entries

~ A ~

A, The first letter of the European alphabets, has, in the English language, three different sounds, which may be termed the broad, open, and slender.

The broad sound resembling that of the German a is found, in many of our monosyllables, as all, wall, malt, salt; in which a is pronounced as au in cause, or aw in law. Many of these words were anciently written with au, as sault, waulk; which happens to be still retained in fault. This was probably the ancient sound of the Saxons, since it is almost uniformly preserved in the rustic pronunciation, and the Northern dialects, as maun for man, haund for hand.

A open, not unlike the a of the Italians, is found in father, rather, and more obscurely in fancy, fast, &c.

A slender or close, is the peculiar a of the English language, resembling the sound of the French e masculine, or diphthong ai in païs, or perhaps a middle sound between them, or between the a and e; to this the Arabic a is said nearly to approach. Of this sound we have examples in the words, place, face, waste, and all those that terminate in ation; as, relation, nation, generation.

A is short, as, glass, grass; or long, as, glaze, graze: it is marked long, generally, by an e final, plane, or by an i added, as, plain.

A
A (abbreviation)
A (article)
A (composition)
A, B, C
A. Bp.
AB
Abacke
Abactor
Abacus
Abaft
Abaisance
Abalienate
Abalienation
Aband
Abandon
Abandon Over
Abandoned
Abandoning
Abandonment
Abannition
Abarcy
Abare
Abarticulation
Abase
Abased
Abasement
Abash
Abate (common law)
Abate (horsemanship)
Abate (verb active)
Abate (verb neuter)
Abatement
Abatement (heraldry)
Abatement (law)
Abater
Abator
Abatude
Abature
Abb
Abba
Abbacy
Abbess
Abbey
Abbey-Lubber
Abbot
Abbotship
Abbreuvoir
Abbreviate
Abbreviation
Abbreviator
Abbreviature
Abby
Abdicate
Abdication
Abdicative
Abditive
Abdomen
Abdominal
Abdominous
Abduce
Abducent
Abduction
Abductor
Abecedarian
Abecedary
Abed
Aberrance
Aberrancy
Aberrant
Aberration
Aberring
Aberuncate
Abet
Abetment
Abetter
Abeyance
Abgregation
Abhor
Abhorrence
Abhorrency
Abhorrent
Abhorrer
Abhorring
Abide
Abider
Abiding
Ability
Abintestate
Abject (adjective)
Abject (noun)
Abject (verb)
Abjectedness
Abjection
Abjectly
Abjectness
Abjugate
Abjuration
Abjure
Ablactate
Ablactation
Ablaqueation
Ablation
Ablative
Able (adjective)
Able (verb)
Able-bodied
Ablegate
Ablegation
Ableness
Ablepsy
Abligate
Abligurition
Ablocate
Ablocation
Ablude
Abluent
Ablution
Abnegate
Abnegation
Abnodation
Abnormous
Aboard
Abode (noun)
Abode (verb)
Abodement
Abolish
Abolishable
Abolisher
Abolishment
Abolition
Abominable
Abominableness
Abominably
Abominate
Abomination
Aborigines
Abort
Abortion
Abortive (adjective)
Abortive (noun)
Abortively
Abortiveness
Abortment
Abound
About (adverb)
About (preposition)
Above (adverb)
Above (preposition)
Above All
Above-board
Above-cited
Above-ground
Above-mentioned
Abracadabra
Abrade
Abraham's Balm
Abrasion
Abreast
Abricot
Abridge
Abridged Of
Abridger
Abridgment
Abroach
Abroad
Abrogate
Abrogation
Abrook
Abrupt
Abrupted
Abruption
Abruptly
Abruptness
Abscess
Abscind
Abscissa
Abscission
Abscond
Absconder
Absence
Absent (adjective)
Absent (verb)
Absentaneous
Absentee
Absinthiated
Absis
Absist
Absolute
Absolutely
Absoluteness
Absolution
Absolutory
Absolve
Absonant
Absonous
Absorb
Absorbent
Absorpt
Absorption
Abstain
Abstemious
Abstemiously
Abstemiousness
Abstention
Absterge
Abstergent
Absterse
Abstersion
Abstersive
Abstinence
Abstinency
Abstinent
Abstorted
Abstract (adjective)
Abstract (noun)
Abstract (verb)
Abstracted
Abstractedly
Abstraction
Abstractive
Abstractly
Abstricted
Abstringe
Abstrude
Abstruse
Abstrusely
Abstruseness
Abstrusity
Absume
Absurd
Absurdity
Absurdly
Absurdness
Abundance
Abundant
Abundantly
Abuse (noun)
Abuse (verb)
Abuser
Abusive
Abusively
Abusiveness
Abut
Abutment
Abuttal
Abysm
Abyss
Ac
Acacia
Academial
Academian
Academical
Academician
Academick (adjective)
Academick (noun)
Academist
Academy
Acanthus
Acatalectic
Accede
Accelerate
Acceleration
Accend
Accension
Accent (noun)
Accent (verb)
Accentuate
Accentuation
Accept
Acceptability
Acceptable
Acceptableness
Acceptably
Acceptance
Acceptance (in law)
Acceptation
Accepter
Acceptilation
Acception
Access
Accessariness
Accessary
Accessible
Accession
Accessorily
Accessory (adjective)
Accessory (noun)
Accidence
Accident
Accidental (adjective)
Accidental (noun)
Accidentally
Accidentalness
Accipient
Accite
Acclaim
Acclamation
Acclivity
Acclivous
Accloy
Accoil
Accolent
Accommodable
Accommodate (adjective)
Accommodate (verb)
Accommodately
Accommodation
Accompanable
Accompanier
Accompany
Accomplice
Accomplish
Accomplished
Accomplisher
Accomplishment
Accompt
Accomptant
Accompting-day
Accord (noun)
Accord (verb active)
Accord (verb neuter)
Accordance
Accordant
According
Accordingly
Accost
Accostable
Account (noun)
Account (verb)
Account-book
Accountable
Accountant (adjective)
Accountant (noun)
Accounting
Accouple
Accourage
Accourt
Accoutre
Accoutrement
Accretion
Accretive
 Accroach
Accroachment
Accrue
Accubation
Accumb
Accumulate
Accumulation
Accumulative
Accumulator
Accuracy
Accurate
Accurately
Accurateness
Accurse
Accursed
Accusable
Accusation
Accusative
Accusatory
Accuse
Accuser
Accustom
Accustomable
Accustomably
Accustomance
Accustomarily
Accustomary
Accustomed
Ace
Acephalous
Acerb
Acerbity
Acervate
Acervation
Acervose
Acescent
Acetose
Acetosity
Acetous
Ache (noun)
Ache (verb)
Achieve
Achievement
Achiever
Achor
Acid
Acidity
Acidness
Acidulae
Acidulate
Acknowledge
Acknowledging
Acknowledgment
Acme
Acolothist
Acolyte
Aconite
Acorn
Acousticks
Acquaint
Acquaintance
Acquainted
Acquest
Acquiesce
Acquiescence
Acquirable
Acquire
Acquired
Acquirement
Acquirer
Acquisition
Acquisitive
Acquist
Acquit
Acquitment
Acquittal
Acquittance (noun)
Acquittance (verb)
Acre
Acrid
Acrimonious
Acrimony
Acritude
Acroamatical
Acroaticks
Acronycal
Acronycally
Acrospire
Acrospired
Across
Acrostick (adjective)
Acrostick (noun)
Acroters
Act (noun)
Act (verb)
Action
Action-taking
Actionable
Actionary
Actitation
Activate
Active
Actively
Activeness
Activity
Actor
Actress
Actual
Actuality
Actually
Actualness
Actuary
Actuate (adjective)
Actuate (verb)
Actuose
Acuate
Aculeate
Acumen
Acuminated
Acute
Acutely
Acuteness
Adacted
Adage
Adagio
Adam's-apple
Adamant
Adamantean
Adamantine
Adapt
Adaptation
Adaption
Adcorporate
Add
Addable
Addecimate
Addeem
Adder
Adder's-grass
Adder's-tongue
Adder's-wort
Addibility
Addible
Addice
Addict
Addictedness
Addiction
Additament
Addition
Additional
Additory
Addle (adjective)
Addle (verb)
Addle-pated
Address (noun)
Address (verb)
Addresser
Adducent
Addulce
Adeling
Ademption
Adenography
Adept (adjective)
Adept (noun)
Adequate
Adequately
Adequateness
Adespotick
Adhere
Adherence
Adherency
Adherent (adjective)
Adherent (noun)
Adherer
Adhesion
Adhesive
Adhibit
Adhibition
Adiaphorous
Adiaphory
Adieu
Adipous
Adit
Adition
Adjacency
Adjacent (adjective)
Adjacent (noun)
Adject
Adjection
Adjectitious
Adjective
Adjectively
Adjoin (verb active)
Adjoin (verb neuter)
Adjourn
Adjournment
Adjudge
Adjudicate
Adjudication
Adjugate
Adjument
Adjunct (adjective)
Adjunct (noun)
Adjunction
Adjunctive
Adjuration
Adjure
Adjust
Adjustment
Adjutant
Adjute
Adjutor
Adjutory
Adjutrix
Adjuvant
Adjuvate
Admeasurement
Admensuration
Adminicle
Adminicular
Administer
Administrate
Administration
Administrative
Administrator
Administratorship
Administratrix
Admirability
Admirable
Admirableness
Admirably
Admiral
Admiralship
Admiralty
Admiration
Admire (verb active)
Admire (verb neuter)
Admirer
Admiringly
Admissible
Admission
Admit
Admittable
Admittance
Admix
Admixtion
Admixture
Admonish
Admonisher
Admonishment
Admonition
Admonitioner
Admonitory
Admove
Admurmation
Ado
Adolescence
Adolescency
Adopt
Adoptedly
Adopter
Adoption
Adoptive
Adorable
Adorableness
Adorably
Adoration
Adore
Adorement
Adorer
Adorn
Adornment
Adown (adverb)
Adown (preposition)
Adread
Adrift
Adroit
Adroitness
Adry
Adscititious
Adstriction
Adulation
Adulator
Adulatory
Adult (adjective)
Adult (noun)
Adulter
Adulterant
Adulterate (adjective)
Adulterate (verb)
Adulterateness
Adulteration
Adulterer
Adulteress
Adulterine
Adulterous
Adultery
Adultness
Adumbrant
Adumbrate
Adumbration
Adunation
Aduncity
Adunque
Adure
Adust
Adusted
Adustible
Adustion
Advance (noun)
Advance (verb active)
Advance (verb neuter)
Advancement
Advancer
Advantage (noun)
Advantage (verb)
Advantage-ground
Advantaged
Advantageous
Advantageously
Advantageousness
Advene
Advenient
Advent
Adventine
Adventitious
Adventive
Adventual
Adventure (noun)
Adventure (verb)
Adventurer
Adventuresome
Adventuresomeness
Adventurous
Adventurously
Adverb
Adverbial
Adverbially
Adversable
Adversaria
Adversary
 Adversative
Adverse
Adversity
Adversly
Advert
Advertence
Advertency
Advertise
Advertisement
Advertiser
Advertising
Advesperate
Advice
Advice-boat
Advisable
Advisableness
Advise (verb active)
Advise (verb neuter)
Advised
Advisedly
Advisedness
Advisement
Adviser
Advocacy
Advocate
Advocation
Advolation
Advolution
Advoutry
Advowe
Advowson
Adz
Ae
Aegilops
Aeglogue
Aegyptiacum
Ael
Aelf
Aenigma
Aerial
Aerie
Aerology
Aeromancy
Aerometry
Aeroscopy
Aethiops-mineral
Aetites
Afar
Afeard
Afer
Affability
Affable
Affableness
Affably
Affabrous
Affabulation
Affair
Affear
Affect (noun)
Affect (verb)
Affectation
Affected
Affectedly
Affectedness
Affection
Affectionate
Affectionately
Affectionateness
Affectioned
Affectiously
Affective
Affectuosity
Affectuous
Affere
Afferors
Affiance (noun)
Affiance (verb)
Affiancer
Affidation
Affidature
Affidavit
Affied
Affiliation
Affinage
Affined
Affinity
Affirm (verb active)
Affirm (verb neuter)
Affirmable
Affirmance
Affirmant
Affirmation
Affirmative
Affirmatively
Affirmer
Affix (noun)
Affix (verb)
Affixion
Afflation
Afflatus
Afflict
Afflictedness
Afflicter
Affliction
Afflictive
Affluence
Affluency
Affluent
Affluentness
Afflux
Affluxion
Afford
Afforest
Afforestation
Affranchise
Affray (noun)
Affray (verb)
Affriction
Affright (noun)
Affright (verb)
Affrightful
Affrightment
Affront (noun)
Affront (verb)
Affronter
Affronting
Affuse
Affusion
Affy (verb active)
Affy (verb neuter)
Afield
Aflat
Afloat
Afoot
Afore (adverb)
Afore (preposition)
Aforegoing
Aforehand
Aforementioned
Aforenamed
Aforesaid
Aforetime
Afraid
Afresh
Afront
After (adverb)
After (composition)
After (preposition)
After Acceptation
After All
After-dinner
After-endeavour
After-enquiry
After-liver
After-times
After-wrath
Afterages
Afterbirth
Afterclap
Aftercost
Aftercrop
Aftereye
Aftergame
Afterhours
Afterlove
Aftermath
Afternoon
Afterpains
Afterpart
Afterproof
Aftertaste
Afterthought
Aftertossing
Afterward
Afterwit
Aga
Again
Against
Agalaxy
Agape
Agarick
Agast
Agate
Agaty
Agaze
Agazed
Age
Aged
Agedly
Agen
Agency
Agent (adjective)
Agent (noun)
Aggeneration
Aggerate
Aggerose
Agglomerate (verb active)
Agglomerate (verb neuter)
Agglutinants
Agglutinate
Agglutination
Agglutinative
Agminal
Air (noun)
Airy
Ake
Ale
Alien (noun)
Amanuensis
Amazon
Ambages
Ambagious
Ambassade
Ambassadour
Ambition
Ambulation
An
Ananas
Androtomy
Anecdote
Animal (noun)
Anniversary (adjective)
Anniversary (noun)
Anno Domini
Another
Anthology
Anthropology
Anthropopathy
Anthropophagi
Anthropophaginian
Aorta
Apace
Apagogical
Apart
Apartment
Apathy
Ape (noun)
Ape (verb)
Apeak
Apepsy
Aper
Aperient
Aperitive
Apert
Apertion
Apertly
Apertness
Aperture
Apetalous
Apetalousness
Apex
Aphaeresis
Aphelion
Apheta
Aphetical
Aphilanthropy
Aphony
Aphorism
Aphoristical
Aphoristically
Apostrophe
Apple
Apple of Love
Appropinquate
Apricot
April
Apsis
Arboreous
Arch (noun)
Archbishop
Arid
Aristocracy
Arms
Arrack
Arrant
Article (noun)
Article (verb active)
Article (verb neuter)
Aside
Asleep
Assassin
Assonance
Assonant
Assort
Assot
Assumpsit
Athirst
Attain (noun)
Attain (verb active)
Attain (verb neuter)
Attainable
Attainableness
Attainder
Attainment
Attaint (noun)
Attaint (verb)
Attaminate
Attinge
Aught
Augur (noun)
Auriferous
Autocrasy
Avail (noun)
Avail (verb active)
Avail (verb neuter)
Away
Awe (noun)
Awe (verb)
Aweband
Awful
Awfully
Awfulness
Awhape
Awhile
Awk
Awkward
Awkwardly
Awkwardness
Awl
Awless
Awme
Awn
Awning
Awoke
Awork
Aworking
Awry
Axe
Axilla
Axillar
Axillary
Axiom
Axis
Axle
Axle-tree
Ay
Aye
Aygreen
Ayry
Azimuth
Azure

Cite this page: "Alphabetical List of Entries." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: December 6, 2012. http://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/?page_id=50.


  1. Wonderful, keep up the good work!

  2. Mike Nightingale on November 18th, 2011 at 11:24 am
  3. Can I help?

  4. Julian Talamantez Brolaski on January 19th, 2012 at 9:33 pm
  5. Proofreading is a big help. If you notice a transcription error, please contact me.

  6. Brandi on January 20th, 2012 at 6:20 am
  7. If time permits, can the words regulate, rule and commerce be added soon? It would be most helpful. Those that discuss the Constitution often reference Johnsons. Thank you.

  8. EE Johnson on February 7th, 2012 at 7:27 am
  9. Brandi on February 7th, 2012 at 8:31 am
  10. I am researching the life of George Ord (1781-1886) of Philadelphia, who is said to have contributed many entries to Johnson’s expanded dictionary (as well as Noah Webster’s first dictionary).

    How may I find out which and how many entries he provided to Johnson’s dictionary.

    Thanks in advance for any help you might provide.

  11. Al Dorof on March 10th, 2012 at 4:39 pm
  12. Al,

    Johnson died in 1784, when Ord was only 3 years old. Any entries linked to Ord which appeared in “Johnson” dictionaries would have been added by later lexicographers (many of whom linked the title of their dictionary to Johnson merely for marketing purposes). I focus on the original dictionary Johnson produced, so I do not know much about post-Johnson additions.

    I was going to suggest looking at the online OED, but I tried searching for George Ord there myself and was unable to find any contributions or sources linked to Ord.

    Sorry that I’m unable to provide any further assistance.

  13. Brandi on March 10th, 2012 at 4:56 pm
  14. Would you be able to transcribe “Indubitable”?

  15. Amanda Patchin on April 18th, 2012 at 10:34 am
  16. There is a transcription error in the second sentence under the letter “h”. It should read: ‘the h in English is scarcely “ever” mute’; not “every”
    Thanks.

  17. Felicia Agyepong on July 12th, 2012 at 4:39 pm
  18. Thanks for catching that. It has been fixed both on the “H” entry page and on the alphabet page.

  19. Brandi on July 13th, 2012 at 6:27 am
  20. trouble is it takes half an hour to find a word if not yet transcribed, since if you want ‘time’ you go to ‘T’ and then have to turn some 50 pages, one at a time, to get to to ‘time’. Why not allow one to select a page by number?

  21. Mark on October 25th, 2012 at 1:44 am
  22. Mark,

    go to “Page View.” Under the title “Page View” and above the image and page number are two drop-down boxes – “Select Section” and “Select Page”. If you wanted to find “time,” for instance, you would select “T” from the first box. This causes the “Select Page” box to be filled in with the pages from the “T” section, enabling you to select “Tillyfally – Time.” Press the “Go” button and that page is loaded.

  23. Brandi on October 25th, 2012 at 8:23 am
  24. Do you have a definition of “arms” as in weaponry? This also is significant in interpreting the constitution.

  25. Misha Dennis on November 23rd, 2012 at 1:07 am
  26. Here it is, newly transcribed from page 159: Arms

  27. Brandi on November 23rd, 2012 at 5:42 pm
  28. I wonder is there was a definition for ‘people’ as in The People…did Johnson define that?

  29. Marco Dz on January 17th, 2013 at 1:24 pm
  30. The first of the five definitions under “People (noun)” is “A nation; these who compose a community,” which includes an illustrative quotation from Shakespeare’s Coriolanus: “What is the city but the people? / True the people are the city.” The entry can be found here.

  31. Brandi on January 17th, 2013 at 1:58 pm
  32. Hi, I was searching for one of the most used words in the 18th century: Nature, but it isn’t here. Can it be added?

  33. Deepali on March 20th, 2013 at 8:53 am
  34. Brandi on March 20th, 2013 at 12:10 pm

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