A Dictionary of the English Language
                        A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson
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View Scan · View Transcription · from pages 54, 54

View Scan · View Transcription · from pages 54, 54

To Aba'se v.a. [Fr. abaisser, from the Lat. basis, or bassus, a barbarous word, signifying low, base.] To cast down, to depress, to bring low, almost always in a figurative and personal sense.

Happy shepherd, with thanks to the gods, still think to be thankful, that to thy advancement their wisdoms have thee abased. Sidney, b. i.

With unresisted might the monarch reigns;
He levels mountains, and he raises plains;
And, not regarding diff'rence of degree,
Abas'd your daughter, and exalted me.
Dryd. Fables.

Behold every one that is proud, and abase him. Job, xl. 11.

If the mind be curbed and humbled too much in children; if their spirits be abased and broken much by too strict an hand over them; they lose all their vigour and industry, and are in a worse state than the former. Locke on Education, § 46.

Sources: Dryden, John (788) · The Bible - Job (27) · Locke, John (269) · Sidney, Philip (140)

Attributes: French (385) · Latin (690) · Verb Active (289)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "Abase." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: November 23, 2013. https://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/abase/.

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