A Dictionary of the English Language
                        A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson
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View Scan · View Transcription · from pages 54, 55

View Scan · View Transcription · from pages 54, 55

Aba'tement. n.s. [abatement, Fr.]

  1. The act of abating or lessening.

    The law of works then, in short, is that law, which requires perfect obedience, without remission or abatement; so that, by that law, a man cannot be just, or justified, without an exact performance of every tittle. Locke.

  2. The state of being abated.

    Coffee has, in common with all nuts, an oil strongly combined and entangled with earthly particles. The most noxious part of oil exhales in roasting to the abatement of near one quarter of its weight. Arbuthnot on aliments.

  3. The sum or quantity taken away by the act of abating.

    Xenophon tells us, that the city contained about ten thousand houses, and allowing one man to every house, who could have any share in the government (the rest, consisting of women, children and servants) and making other obvious abatements, these tyrants, if they had been careful to adhere together, might have been a majority even of the people collective. Swift on the contests in Athens and Rome.

  4. The cause of abating; extenuation.

    As our advantages towards practicing and promoting piety and virtue were greater than those of other men; so will our excuse be less, if we neglect to make use of them. We cannot plead in abatement of our guilt, that we were ignorant of our duty, under the prepossession of ill habits, and the biass of a wrong education. Atterbury's Sermons.

Sources: Arbuthnot, John (227) · Atterbury, Francis (75) · Locke, John (269) · Swift, Jonathan (306)

Attributes: French (385) · Noun Substantive (1269)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "Abatement." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: November 23, 2013. https://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/abatement/.

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