A Dictionary of the English Language
                        A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson
        Search Transcribed Entries:


View Scan · View Transcription · from page 55

View Scan · View Transcription · from page 55

To Abbre'viate. v.a. [Lat. abbreviare.]

  1. To shorten by contraction of parts without lots of the main substance.

    It is one thing to abbreviate by contracting, another by cutting off. Bacon. Essay 26.

    The only invention of late years, which hath any way contributed towards politeness in discourse, is that of abbreviating or reducing words of many syllables into one, by lopping off the rest. Swift's Introduction to genteel conversation.

  2. To shorten, to cut short.

    Against this opinion we may very well set the length of their days before the flood; which were abbreviated after, and in half this space contracted into hundreds and threescores. Brown's Vulgar Errours, b. vi. c. 6.

Sources: Browne, Thomas (203) · Swift, Jonathan (306)

Attributes: Latin (690) · Verb Active (289)

Search for this word in: American Heritage · Cambridge · Dictionary.com · The Free Dictionary · Longman · Merriam-Webster · OneLook · Oxford Dictionaries · Vocabulary.com · Wiktionary · Wordnik

Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "Abbreviate." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: December 5, 2013. https://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/abbreviate/.

johnsonsdictionaryonline.com is completely free to use. Johnson's dictionary is in the public domain, but please respect the hours of work put into this site by linking to it or crediting it. This site assumes no liability for its content or for the content of external sites linked to it, and has no warranty or guarantee concerning accuracy or availability.