A Dictionary of the English Language
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View Scan · View Transcription · from pages 56, 57

View Scan · View Transcription · from pages 56, 57

To Abi'de. v.n. I abode or abid. [from bıꝺıan, or aubıꝺıan, Sax.]

  1. To dwell in a place, not remove.

    Thy servant became surety for the lad unto my father, saying, if I bring him not unto thee, then I shall bear the blame to my father for ever. Now therefore I pray thee, let my servant abide instead of the lad, a bondman to my lord; and let the lad go up with his brethren. Gen. xliv. 32, 33.

  2. To dwell.

    The Marquis Dorset, as I hear, is fled
    To Richmond, in the parts where he abides.
    Shakesp. Richard III.

  3. To remain, not cease or fail.

    They that trust in the Lord shall be as mount Zion, which cannot be removed, but abideth for ever. Psalm cxxv. 1.

  4. To continue in the same state.

    The fear of the Lord tendeth to life; and he that hath it shall abide satisfied. Prov. xix. 23.

    Those who apply themselves to learning, are forced to acknowledge one God, incorruptible and unbegotten; who is the only true being, and abides for ever above the highest heavens, from whence he beholds all the things that are done in heaven and earth. Stillingfl. Defence of Disc. on Rom. Idolat.

    There can be no study without time; and the mind must abide and dwell upon things, or be always a stranger to the inside of them. South.

  5. To wait for, expect, attend, wait upon, await; used of things prepared for persons, as well as of persons expecting things.

    Home is he brought, and laid in sumptuous bed,
    Where many skilful leeches him abide,
    To slave his hurts.
    Fairy Queen, b. i. cant. 5. stanz. 17.

    While lions war, and battle for their dens,
    Poor harmless lambs abide their enmity.
    Shakesp. Hen. VI. p. 3.

    Bond and afflictions abide me. Acts xx. 23.

  6. To bear or support the consequences of a thing.

    Ah me! they little know
    How dearly I abide that boast so vain.
    Milton's Par. Lost, b. iv. l. 37.

  7. To bear or support, without being conquered or destroyed.

    But the Lord he is the true God, he is the living God, and an everlasting king; At his wrath the earth shall tremble, and the nations shall not be able to abide his indignation. Jer. x. 10.

    It must be allowed a fair presumption in favour of the truth of my doctrines, that they have abid a very rigorous test now for above thirty years, stand yet firm; and the longer and more strictly they are look'd into, the more they are confirmed to this very day. Woodward, Letter i.

  8. To bear without aversion; in which sense it is commonly used with a negative.

    Thou can'st not abide Tiridates; this is but love of thyself. Sidney, b. ii.

    Thy vile race,
    Though thou didst learn, had that in't, which good natures
    Could not abide to be with; therefore wast thou
    Deservedly confin'd into this rock
    Shakesp. Tempest.

  9. To bear or suffer.

    That chief (rejoin'd the God) his race derives
    From Ithaca, and wond'rous woes survives;
    Laetres' son: girt with circumfluous tides
    He still calamatous constraint abides
    Pope's Odyss. b. iv. l. 750.

  10. It is used with the particle with before a person, and at or in before a place.

    It is better that I give her to thee, than that I should give her to another man: Abide with me. Gen. xxix. 19.

    For thy servant vowed a vow, while I abode at Geshur in Syria, saying, if the Lord shall bring me again indeed to Jerusalem, then I will serve the Lord. 2. Sam. xv. 8.

  11. It is used with by before a thing; as, to abide by his testimony; to abide by his own skill; that is, to rely upon them; to abide by an opinion; to maintain it; to abide by a man, is also, to defend or support him. But these forms are something low.

Of the participle abid, I have found only the example in Woodward.

Sources: The Bible - 2. Samuel (10) · The Bible - Acts (20) · The Bible - Genesis (48) · Shakespeare's Henry VI, Part 3 (39) · The Bible - Jeremiah (13) · Milton, John (449) · Pope, Alexander (393) · The Bible - Proverbs (19) · The Bible - Psalms (29) · Shakespeare's Richard III (63) · Sidney, Philip (140) · South, Robert (158) · Spenser, Edmund (254) · Stillingfleet, Edward (37) · Shakespeare's Tempest (50) · Woodward, John (78)

Attributes: Saxon (215) · Verb Neuter (131)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "Abide." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: December 24, 2013. https://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/abide/.

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