Absolu'tion. n.s. [absolutio, Lat.]
Absolution, in the civil law, imports a full acquittal of a person by some final sentence of law; also, a temporary discharge of his farther attendance upon a mesne process, through a failure or defect in pleading; as it does likewise in the canon law, where, and among divines, it likewise signifies a relaxation of him from the obligation of some sentence pronounced either in a court of law, or else in foro pænitentiali. Thus there is, in this kind of law, one kind of absolution, termed judicial, and another, stiled a declaratory or extrajudicial absolution. Ayliffe's Parergon Juris Canonici.
- The remission of sins, or penance, declared by ecclesiastical authority.
The absolution pronounced by a priest, whether papist or protestant, is not a certain infallible ground to give the person, so absolved, confidence towards God. South's Sermons.