Abste'mious. adj. [abstemius, Lat.] Temperate, sober, abstinent, refraining from excess or pleasures. It is used of persons; as, an abstemious hermit: and of things; as, an abstemious diet. It is spoken likewise of things that cause temperance.
The instances of longevity are chiefly amongst the abstemious. Abstinence in extremity will prove a mortal disease; but the experiments of it are very rare. Arbuthnot on Aliments.
Clytorean streams the love of wine expel,
(Such is the virtue of the abstemious well)
Whether the colder nymph that rules the flood,
Extinguishes, and balks the drunken god:
Or that Melampus (so have some assur'd)
When the mad Prætides with charms he cur'd,
And pow'rful herbs, both charms and simples cast
Into the sober spring, where still their virtues last. Dryd. Fab.