A Dictionary of the English Language
                        A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson
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View Scan · View Transcription · from page 67

To Acce'lerate. v.a. [accelero, Lat.]

  1. To make quick, to hasten, to quicken motion; to give a continual impulse to motion, so as perpetually to encrease.

    Take new beer, and put in some quantity of stale beer into it; and see whether it will not accelerate the clarification by opening the body of the beer, whereby the grosser parts may fall down into lees. Bacon's Natural History, № 307.

    If the rays endeavour to recede from the densest part of the vibration, they may be alternately accelerated and retarded by the vibrations overtaking them. Newton's Optics.

    Spices quicken the pulse, and accelerate the motion of the blood, and dissipate the fluids; from whence leanness, pains in the stomach, loathings, and fevers. Arbuthnot on Aliments.

    Lo! from the dread immensity of space
    Returning, with accelerated course,
    The rushing comet to the sun descends.
    Thoms. Sum. l. 1690.

  2. It is generally applied to matter, and used chiefly in philosophical language; but is sometimes used on other occasions.

    In which council the king himself, whose continual vigilancy did suck in sometimes causeless suspicions, which few else knew, inclined to the accelerating a battle. Bacon's Henry VII.

    Perhaps it may point out to a student now and then, what may employ the most useful labours of his thoughts, and accelerate his diligence in the most momentous enquiries. Watt's Impr.

Sources: Arbuthnot, John (227) · Bacon, Francis (396) · Newton, Isaac (40) · Thomson, James (73) · Watts, Isaac (116)

Attributes: Latin (690) · Verb Active (289)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "Accelerate." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: January 31, 2014. https://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/accelerate/.

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