A Dictionary of the English Language
                        A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson
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View Scan · View Transcription · from page 80

Addi'tion. n.s. [from add.]

  1. The act of adding one thing to another; opposed to diminution.

    The infinite distance between the Creator and the noblest of all creatures can never be measured, nor exhausted by endless addition of finite degrees. Bentley's Sermons.

  2. Additament, or the thing added.

    It will not be modestly done, if any of our own wisdom intrude or interpose, or be willing to make additions to what Christ and his Apostles have designed. Hammond's Fundam.

    Some such resemblances, methinks, I find
    Of our last evening's talk, in this thy dream,
    But with addition strange!
    Milt. Paradise Lost, b. v.

    The abolishing of villanage, together with the custom permitted, among the nobles, of selling their lands, was a mighty addition to the power of the commons. Swift on the Dissensions in Athens and Rome.

  3. In arithmetick.

    Addition is the reduction of two or more numbers of like kind, together into one sum or total. Cocker's Arithmetick.

  4. In law. A title given to a man, over and above his christian name and surname, shewing his estate, degree, occupation, trade, age, place of dwelling. Cowell.

                                Only retain
    The name, and all th‘ addition to a king;
    The sway, revenue, execution of th' last,
    Beloved sons, be yours; which to confirm,
    This coronet part between you.
    Shakesp. King Lear.

                            From this time,
    For what he did before Corioli, call him,
    With all th' applause and clamour of the host,
    Caius Marcius Coriolanus. Bear th' addition nobly ever.
    Shakespeare's Coriolanus.

    There arose new disputes upon the persons named by the king, or rather against the additions and appellations of title, which were made to their names. Clarendon, b. viii.

Sources: Bentley, Richard (57) · Clarendon, Edward (73) · Cocker, Edward (4) · Shakespeare's Coriolanus (80) · Cowell, John (42) · Hammond, Henry (47) · Shakespeare's King Lear (144) · Milton, John (449) · Swift, Jonathan (306)

Attributes: Noun Substantive (1269)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "Addition." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: April 29, 2014. https://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/addition/.

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