A Dictionary of the English Language
                        A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson
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View Scan · View Transcription · from page 270

View Scan · View Transcription · from page 270

Bo'rough. n.s. [boꞃho, Saxon.]

  1. It signified anciently a surety, or a man bound for others.

    A borough, as I here use it, and as the old laws still use, is not a borough town, that is, a franchised town; but a main pledge of an hundred free persons, therefore called a free borough, or, as you say, francplegium. For borth, in old Saxon, signifieth a pledge or surety; and yet it is so used with us in some speeches, as Chaucer saith, St. John to Borch; that is, for assurance and warranty. Spenser's Ireland.

  2. A town with a corporation.

Sources: Spenser, Edmund (254)

Attributes: Noun Substantive (1269) · Saxon (215)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "Borough." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: April 15, 2014. https://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/borough/.

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