A Dictionary of the English Language
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Cold (adjective)

View Scan · View Transcription · from page 405

View Scan · View Transcription · from page 405

Cold. adj. [cold, Saxon; kalt, German.]

  1. Not hot; not warm; gelid; without warmth; without heat.

    The diet in the state of manhood ought to be solid; and their chief drink water cold, because in such a state it has its own natural spirit. Arbuthnot on Aliments.

  2. Chill; shivering; having sense of cold.

                    O noble English, that could entertain,
    With half their force, the full power of France;
    And let another half stand laughing by,
    All out of work, and cold for action.
    Shakes. Henry V.

  3. Having cold qualities; not volatile; not acrid.

    Cold plants have a quicker perception of the heat of the sun than the hot herbs; as a cold hand will sooner find a little warmth than an hot. Bacon's Natural History, №. 577.

  4. Unaffected; frigid; without passion; without zeal; without concern; unactive; unconcerned.

    There sprung up one kind of men, with whose zeal and forwardness the rest being compared, were thought to be marvellous cold and dull. Hooker, Preface, s. 8.

    Infinite shall be made cold in religion, by your example, that never were hurt by reading books. Ascham's Schoolmaster.

    Temp'rately proceed to what you would
    Thus violently redress. — Sir, these cold ways,
    That seem like prudent helps, are very poisonous.

                New dated letters these,
    Their cold intent, tenour and substance thus;
    Here doth he wish his person, and his power,
    The which he could not levy.
    Shakesp. Henry IV. p. ii.

    We should not, when the blood was cold, have threatened
    Our prisoners with the sword.
    Shakespeare's Cymbeline.

    To see a world in flames, and an host of angels in the clouds, one must be much of a stoick to be a cold and unconcerned spectator. Burnet's Preface to the Theory of the Earth.

    No drum or trumpet needs
    T' inspire the coward, or to warm the cold,
    His voice, his sole appearance, makes them bold.

    O, thou hast touch'd me with thy sacred theme,
    And my cold heart is kindled at thy flame.

    A man must be of a very cold or degenerate temper, whose heart doth not burn within him in the midst of praise and adoration. Addison's Freeholder, №. 49.

  5. Unaffecting; unable to move the passions.

    The rabble are pleased at the first entry of a disguise; but the jest grows cold even with them too, when it comes on in a second scene. Addison's Remarks on Italy.

  6. Reserved; coy; not affectionate; not cordial; not friendly.

                Let his knights have colder looks
    Among you.
    Shakespeare's King Lear.

    The commissioners grew more reserved and colder towards each other. Clarendon, b. viii.

  7. Chaste.

                                            You may
    Convey your pleasures in a spacious plenty,
    And yet seem cold, the time you may so hoodwink:
    We've willing dames enough.
    Shakespeare's Macbeth.

  8. Not welcome; not received with kindness or warmth of affection.

    My master's suit will be but cold,
    Since she respects my mistress' love.
    Sh. Two Gent. of Verona.

  9. Not hasty; not violent.

  10. Not affecting the scent strongly.

                    She made it good
    At the hedge corner, in the coldest fault.

  11. Not having the scent strongly affected.

            Smell this business with a sense as cold
    As is a dead man's nose.
    Shakespeare's Winter's Tale.

Sources: Addison, Joseph (408) · Arbuthnot, John (227) · Ascham, Roger (10) · Bacon, Francis (396) · Burnet, Thomas (45) · Clarendon, Edward (73) · Shakespeare's Coriolanus (80) · Shakespeare's Cymbeline (73) · Dryden, John (788) · Shakespeare's Henry IV, Part 2 (72) · Shakespeare's Henry V (66) · Hooker, Richard (175) · Shakespeare's King Lear (144) · Shakespeare's Macbeth (136) · Rowe, Nicholas (21) · Shakespeare's Taming of the Shrew (71) · Shakespeare's Two Gentlemen of Verona (41) · Shakespeare's Winter's Tale (43)

Attributes: Adjective (426) · German (30) · Saxon (215)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "Cold (adjective)." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: June 26, 2013. https://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/cold-adjective/.

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