Cross. n.s. [croix, Fr. croce, Ital. crux, Latin.]
- One strait body laid at right angles over another; the instrument by which the Saviour of the world suffered death.
They make a little cross of a quill, longways of that part of the quill which hath the pith, and crossways of that piece of the quill without pith. Bacon's Natural History, №. 494.
You are first to consider seriously the infinite love of your Saviour, who offered himself for you as a sacrifice upon the cross. Taylor's Guide to the Penitent.
- The ensign of the Christian religion.
Her holy faith and Christian cross oppos'd
Against the Saxon gods. Rowe..
- A monument with a cross upon it to excite devotion; such as were anciently set in market-places.
She doth stray about
By holy crosses, where she kneels and prays. Shakespeare.
- A line drawn through another.
- Any thing that thwarts or obstructs; misfortune; hindrance; vexation; opposition; misadventure; trial of patience.
Wishing unto me many crosses and mischances in my love, whenever I should love. Sidney, b. i.
Then let us teach our trial patience,
Because it is a customary cross. Shakespeare.
Heaven prepares good men with crosses; but no ill can happen to a good man. Ben. Johnson's Discoveries.
A great estate hath great crosses, and a mean fortune hath but small ones. Taylor's Rule of Living Holy.
- Money so called, because marked with a cross.
He was said to make soldiers spring up out of the very earth to follow him, though he had not a cross to pay them salary. Howel's Vocal Forest.
Whereas we cannot much lament our loss,
Who neither carry'd back nor brought one cross. Dryden.
- Cross and Pile, a play with money; at which it is put to chance whether the side, which bears a cross, shall lie upward, or the other.
Whacum had neither cross nor pile;
His plunder was not worth the while. Hudibras, p. ii.
This I humbly conceive to be perfect boys play; cross, I win, and pile, you lose; or, what's yours is mine, and what's mine is my own. Swift.