Dóctor. n.s. [doctor, Latin.]
- One that has taken the highest degree in the faculties of divinity, law, or physick. In some universities they have doctors of musick. In its original import it means a man so well versed in his faculty, as to be qualified to teach it.
No woman had it, but a civil doctor,
Who did refuse three thousand ducats of me,
And begged the ring. Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice.
Then stood there up one in the council, a pharisee, named Gamaliel, a doctor of laws. Acts v. 34.
- A man skilled in any profession.
Then subtle doctors scriptures made their pride,
Casuists, like cocks, struck out each other's eyes. Denham.
Each proselyte would vote his doctor best,
With absolute exclusion to the rest. Dryd. Hind and Panth.
- A physician; one who undertakes the cure of diseases.
By med'cine life may be prolong'd, yet death
Will seize the doctor too. Shakespeare's Cymbeline.
How does your patient, doctor?
— Not so sick, my lord,
As she is troubl'd with thick coming fancies. Shakesp. Macb.
Children will not take those medicines from the doctor's hand, which they will from a nurse or mother. Gov. of Tongue.
To 'pothecaries let the learn'd prescribe,
That men may die without a double bribe:
Let them, but under their superiors, kill,
When doctors first have sign'd the bloody bill. Dryden.
He that can cure by recreation, and make pleasure the vehicle of health, is a doctor at it in good earnest. Collier.
In truth, nine parts in ten of those who recovered, owed their lives to the strength of nature and a good constitution, while such a one happened to be the doctor. Swift.
- Any able or learned man.
The simplest person, that can but apprehend and speak sense, is as much judge of it as the greatest doctor in the school. Digby of Bodies.