A Dictionary of the English Language
                        A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson
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View Scan · View Transcription · from page 699

Énergy. n.s. [ἐνέργεια.]

  1. Power not exerted in action.

    They are not effective of any thing, nor leave no work behind them, but are energies merely; for their working upon mirrours, and places of echo, doth not alter any thing in those bodies. Bacon.

  2. Force; vigour; efficacy; influence.

    Whether with particles of heav'nly fire
    The God of nature did his soul inspire;
    Or earth, but new divided from the sky,
    And pliant still, retain'd th' ethereal energy.

    God thinketh with operation infinitely perfect, with an omnipotent as well as an eternal energy. Grew's Cosmol. Sac.

    Beg the blessed Jesus to give an energy to your imperfect prayers, by his most powerful intercession. Smalridge's Serm.

                        What but God!
    Inspiring God! who, boundless spirit all,
    And unremitting energy, pervades,
    Adjusts, sustains, and agitates the whole.
    Thomson's Spring.

  3. Faculty; operation.

    Matter, though divided into the subtilest parts, moved swiftly, is senseless and stupid, and makes no approach to vital energy. Ray on the Creation.

    How can concussion of atoms beget self-consciousness, and other powers and energies that we feel in our minds? Bentley.

  4. Strength of expression; force of signification; spirit; life.

    Who did ever, in French authors, see
    The comprehensive English energy.

    Swift and ready, and familiar communication is made by speech; and, when animated by elocution, it acquires a greater life and energy, ravishing and captivating the hearers. Holder.

    Many words deserve to be thrown out of our language, and not a few antiquated to be restored, on account of their energy and sound. Swift.

Sources: Bacon, Francis (396) · Bentley, Richard (57) · Dillon, Wentworth (Roscommon) (31) · Dryden, John (788) · Grew, Nehemiah (36) · Holder, William (38) · Ray, John (59) · Smalridge, George (6) · Swift, Jonathan (306) · Thomson, James (73)

Attributes: Greek (126) · Noun Substantive (1269)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "Energy." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: September 4, 2013. https://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/energy/.

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