Hýacinth. n.s. [ὑάκινθος; hyacinthe, Fr. hyacinthus, Lat.]
- A plant.
It hath a bulbous root: the leaves are long and narrow: the stalk is upright and naked, the flowers growing on the upper part in a spike: the flowers consist each of one leaf, are naked, tubulose, and cut into six divisions at the brim, which are reflexed: the ovary becomes a roundish fruit with three angles, which is divided into three cells, which are filled with roundish seeds. Miller.
The silken fleece, impurpl'd for the loom,
Rival'd the hyacinth in vernal bloom. Pope's Odyssey.
- The hyacinth is the same with the lapis lyncurius of the ancients. It is a less shewy gem than any of the other red ones, but not without its beauty, though not gaudy. It is seldom smaller than a seed of hemp, or larger than a nutmeg. It is found of various degrees of deepness and paleness; but its colour is always a deadish red, with a considerable admixture of yellow, which even sometimes seems predominant: but its most usual is that mixed red and yellow, which we know by the name of flame-colour. This gem is found in several parts of Europe; but the finest sort comes from the East and West Indies. Hill on Fossils.