Mace. n.s. [maʒʒa, Saxon; maça, Spanish.]
- An ensign of authority worn before magistrates.
He mightily upheld that royal mace
Which now thou bear'st. Fairy Queen, b. ii.
Death with his mace petrifick smote. Milton.
- [Massue, French; massa, Latin.] A heavy blunt weapon; a club of metal.
O murth'rous slumber!
Lay'st thou thy leaden mace upon my boy
That plays thee musick? Shakesp. Julius Cæsar.
The Turkish troops breaking in with their scymitars and heavy iron maces, made a most bloody execution. Knolles.
With his mace their monarch struck the ground;
With inward trembling earth receiv'd the wound,
And rising streams a ready passage found.
The mighty maces with such haste descend,
They break the bones, and make the solid armour bend. Dryden's Knight's Tale.
- [Macis, Latin.] A kind of spice.
The nutmeg is inclosed in a threefold covering, of which the second is mace: it is a thin and flat membranaceous substance, of an oleaginous, and a yellowish colour: it has an extremely fragrant, aromatick, and agreeable smell, and a pleasant, but acrid and oleaginous taste. Mace is carminative, stomachick, and astringent. Hill's Mat. Med.
Water, vinegar, and honey, is a most excellent sudorifick: it is more effectual with a little mace added to it. Arbuthnot.