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Make (verb active)

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To Make. v.a. [macan, Saxon; machen, German; maken, Dutch.]

  1. To create.

    Let us make man in our image. Gen. i. 26.

    The Lord hath made all things for himself. Prov. xvi. 4.

                        Remember'st thou
    Thy making, while the maker gave thee being.

  2. To form of materials.

    He fashioned it with a graving tool, after he had made it a molten calf. Exod. xxxii. 4.

    God hath made of one blood all nations of men. Acts.

    We have no other measure, save one of the moon, but are artificially made out of these by compounding or dividing them. Holder on Time.

  3. To compose: as, materials or ingredients.

    One of my fellows had the speed of him;
    Who, almost dead for breath, had scarcely more
    Than would make up his message.
    Shakesp. Macbeth.

    The heav'n, the air, the earth, and boundless sea,
    Make but one temple for the deity.

    A pint of salt of tartar, exposed unto a moist air, will make far more liquor than the former measure will contain. Brown's Vulgar Errours, b. ii.

  4. To form by art what is not natural.

    There lavish nature, in her best attire,
    Pours forth sweet odours, and alluring sights;
    And art with her contending, doth aspire
    T' excel the natural with made delights.

  5. To produce as the agent.

    She may give so much credit to her own laws, as to make their sentence weighter than any bare and naked conceit to the contrary. Hooker, b. v.

    If I suspect without cause, why then make sport at me; then let me be your jest. Shakesp. Merry Wives of Windsor.

    Thine enemies make a tumult. Psal. lxxxiii. 2.

    When their hearts were merry they said, Call for Sampson, that he may make us sport. Judg. xvi. 25.

    Give unto Solomon a perfect heart to build the palace for the which I have made provision. 1 Chron. xxix. 19.

    Why make ye this ado, and weep? the damsel is not dead. Mark v. 39.

    He maketh intercession to God against Israel. Rom. xi. 2.

    Thou hast set signs and wonders in the land of Egypt, and hast made thee a name. Jer. xxxii. 20.

    Shall we then make mirth? Ezek. xxi. 10.

    Joshua made peace, and made a league with them to let them live. Josh. ix. 15.

                        Both combine
    To make their greatness by the fall of man.

    Egypt, mad with superstition grown,
    Makes gods of monsters.
    Tate's Juvenal.

  6. To produce as a cause.

    Wealth maketh many friends; but the poor is separated from his neighbour. Prov. xix. 4.

    A man's gift maketh room for him, and bringeth him before great men. Prov. xviii. 16.

    The child who is taught to believe any occurrence to be a good or evil omen, or any day of the week lucky, hath a wide inroad made upon the soundness of his understanding. Watts.

  7. To do; to perform; to practise; to use.

    Though she appear honest to me, yet in other places she enlargeth her mirth so far, that there is shrewd construction made of her. Shakesp. Merry Wives of Windsor.

    She made haste, and let down her pitcher. Gen. xxiv. 46.

    Thou hast made an atonement for it. Exod. xxix. 36.

    I will judge his house for ever, because his sons made themselves vile, and he restrained them not. 1 Sam. iii. 13.

    We made prayer unto our God. Neh. iv. 9.

    He shall make a speedy riddance of all in the land. Zeph.

    They all began to make excuse. Luke xiv. 18.

    It hath pleased them of Macedonia and Achaia to make a certain contribution for the poor. Rom. xv. 26.

    Make full proof of thy ministry. 2 Tim. iv. 5.

    The Venetians, provoked by the Turks with divers injuries, both by sea and land, resolved, without delay, to make war likewise upon him. Knolles's Hist. of the Turks.

    Such musick as before was never made,
    But when of old the sons of morning sung.

    All the actions of his life were ripped up and surveyed, and all malicious glosses made upon all he had said, and all he had done. Clarendon.

    Says Carneades, since neither you nor I love repetitions, I shall not now make any of what else was urged against Themistius. Boyle.

    The Phœnicians made claim to this man as theirs, and attributed to him the invention of letters. Hale.

    What hope, O Pantheus! whether can we run?
    Where make a stand? and what may yet be done?

    While merchants make long voyages by sea
    To get estates, he cuts a shorter way.
    Dryden's Juv.

    To what end did Ulysses make that journey? Æneas undertook it by the express commandment of his father's ghost. Dryden's Dedication to the Æneis.

    He that will make a good use of any part of his life, must allow a large portion of it to recreation. Locke.

                    Make some request, and I,
    Whate'er it be, with that request comply.

    Were it permitted, he should make the tour of the whole system of the sun. Arbuthnot and Pope's Mart. Scrib.

  8. To cause to have any quality.

    I will make your cities waste. Lev. xxvi. 31.

    Her husband hath utterly made them void on the day he heard them. Num. xxx. 12.

    When he had made a convenient room, he set it in a wall, and made it fast with iron. Wisd. xiii. 15.

    Jesus came into Cana, where he made the water wine. John iv. 46.

    He was the more inflamed with the desire of battle with Waller, to make even all accounts. Clarendon, b. viii.

    I bred you up to arms, rais'd you to power,
    Permitted you to fight for this usurper;
    All to make sure the vengeance of this day,
    Which even this day has ruin'd.
    Dryden's Spanish Fryar.

    In respect of actions within the reach of such a power in him, a man seems as free as it is possible for freedom to make him. Locke.

  9. To bring into any state or condition.

    I have made thee a god to Pharaoh. Exod. vii. 1.

    Joseph made ready his chariot, and went up to meet Israel. Gen. xlvi. 29.

    Who made thee a prince and a judge over us? Exod. ii.

    Ye have troubled me to make me to stink among the inhabitants. Gen. xxxiv. 30.

    He made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant. Phil. ii. 7.

    He should be made manifest to Israel. John i. 31.

    Though I be free from all men, yet have I made myself servant unto all, that I might gain the more. 1 Cor. ix. 19.

    He hath made me a by-word of the people, and aforetime I was as a tabret. Job xvii. 6.

    Make ye him drunken; for he magnified himself against the Lord. Jer. xlviii. 26.

    Joseph was not willing to make her a publick example. Matt. i. 19.

    By the assistance of this faculty we have all those ideas in our understandings, which, though we do not actually contemplate, yet we can bring in sight, and make appear again, and be the objects of our thoughts. Locke.

    The Lacedemonians trained up their children to hate drunkenness by bringing a drunken man into their company, and shewing them what a beast he made of himself. Watts.

  10. To form; to settle.

    Those who are wise in courts
    Make friendships with the ministers of state,
    Nor seek the ruins of a wretched exile.

  11. To hold; to keep.

    Deep in a cave the sybil makes abode. Dryden.

  12. To secure from distress; to establish in riches or happiness.

    He hath given her his monumental ring, and thinks himself made in the unchaste composition. Shakespeare.

                    This is the night,
    That either makes me, or foredoes me quite.

    Each element his dread command obeys,
    Who makes or ruins with a smile or frown,
    Who as by one he did our nation raise,
    So now he with another pulls us down.

  13. To suffer; to incur.

    The loss was private that I made;
    'Twas but myself I lost; I lost no legions.

    He accuseth Neptune unjustly, who makes shipwreck a second time. Bacon.

  14. To commit.

    She was in his company at Page's house, and what they made there I know not. Shakespeare.

    I will neither plead my age nor sickness in excuse of the faults which I have made. Dryden.

  15. To compel; to force; to constrain.

    That the soul in a sleeping man should be this moment busy a thinking, and the next moment in a waking man not remember those thoughts, would need some better proof than bare assertion to make it be believed. Locke.

    They should be made to rise at their early hour; but great care should be taken in waking them, that it be not done hastily. Locke.

  16. To intend; to purpose to do.

    He may ask this civil question, friend!
    What dost thou make a shipboard? to what end?

    Gomez; what mak'st thou here with a whole brotherhood of city-bailiffs? Dryden's Spanish Fryar.

  17. To raise as profit from any thing.

    He's in for a commodity of brown pepper; of which he made five marks ready money. Shakespeare.

    Did I make a gain of you by any of them I sent. 2 Cor.

    If Auletes, who was a negligent prince, made so much, what must now the Romans make, who govern it so wisely. Arbuthnot on Coins.

    If it is meant of the value of the purchase, it was very high; it being hardly possible to make so much of land, unless it was reckoned at a very low price. Arbuthnot.

  18. To reach; to tend to; to arrive at.

    Acosta recordeth, they that fail in the middle can make no land of either side. Brown's Vulgar Errours, b. vi.

                    I've made the port already,
    And laugh securely at the lazy storm.

                They ply their shatter'd oars
    To nearest land, and make the Libyan shoars.

    Did I but purpose to embark with thee,
    While gentle zephyrs play in prosp'rous gales;
    But would forsake the ship, and make the shoar,
    When the winds whistle, and the tempests roar?

  19. To gain.

    The wind came about, and settled in the west for many days, so as we could make little or no way. Bacon.

                            I have made way
    To some Philistian lords, with whom to treat.

    Now mark a little why Virgil is so much concerned to make this marriage, it was to make way for the divorce which be intended afterwards. Dryden's Æn.

  20. To force; to gain by force.

    Rugged rocks are interpos'd in vain;
    He makes his way o'er mountains, and contemns
    Unruly torrents, and unforded streams.
    Dryden's Virg.

    The stone wall which divides China from Tartary, is reckoned nine hundred miles long, running over rocks, and making way for rivers through mighty arches. Temple.

  21. To exhibit.

    When thou makest a dinner, call not thy friends but the poor. Luke xiv. 12.

  22. To pay; to give.

    He shall make amends for the harm that he hath done. Lev.

  23. To put; to place.

    You must make a great difference between Hercules's labours by land, and Jason's voyage by sea for the golden fleece. Bacon's War with Spain.

  24. To turn to some use.

                        Whate'er they catch,
    Their fury makes an instrument of war.
    Dryden's Æn.

  25. To incline; to dispose.

    It is not requisite they should destroy our reason, that is, to make us rely on the strength of nature, when she is least able to relieve us. Brown's Vulgar Errours, b. iv.

  26. To prove as an argument.

    Seeing they judge this to make nothing in the world for them. Hooker, b. ii.

    You conceive you have no more to do than, having found the principal word in a concordance, introduce as much of the verse as will serve your turn, though in reality it makes nothing for you. Swift.

  27. To represent; to show.

    He is not that goose and ass that Valla would make him. Baker's Reflections on Learning.

  28. To constitute.

    Our desires carry the mind out to absent good, according to the necessity which we think there is of it, to the making or encrease of our happiness. Locke.

  29. To amount to.

    Whatsoever they were, it maketh no matter to me: God accepteth no man's person. Gal. ii. 16.

  30. To mould; to form.

    Lye not erect but hollow, which is in the making of the bed; or with the legs gathered up, which is the more wholesome. Bacon's Nat. Hist.

                    Some undeserved fault
    I'll find about the making of the bed.

    They mow fern green, and burning of them to ashes, make the ashes up into balls with a little water. Mortimer.

  31. To Make away. To kill; to destroy.

    He will not let slip any advantage to make away him whose just title, enobled by courage and goodness, may one day shake the seat of a never-secure tyranny. Sidney, b. ii.

    The duke of Clarence, lieutenant of Ireland, was, by practice of evil persons about the king his brother, called thence away, and soon after, by sinister means, was clean made away. Spenser on Ireland.

                He may have a likely guess,
    How these were they that made away his brother.

    Trajan would say of the vain jealousy of princes that seek to make away those that aspire to their succession, that there was never king that did put to death his successor. Bacon.

    My mother I slew at my very birth, and since have made away two of her brothers, and happily to make way for the purposes of others against myself. Hayward.

    Give poets leave to make themselves away. Roscommon.

    What multitude of infants have been made away by those who brought them into the world. Addison.

  32. To Make away. To transfer.

    When they never mean to pay,
    To some friend make all away.

  33. To Make account. To reckon; to believe.

    They made no account but that the navy should be absolutely master of the seas. Bacon's War with Spain.

  34. To Make account of. To esteem; to regard.

  35. To Make free with. To treat without ceremony.

    The same who have made free with the greatest names in church and state, and exposed to the world the private misfortunes of families. Dunciad.

  36. To Make good. To maintain; to defend; to justify.

    The grand master, guarded with a company of most valiant knights, drove them out again by force, and made good the place. Knolles's Hist. of the Turks.

    When he comes to make good his confident undertaking, he is fain to say things that agree very little with one another. Boyle.

    I'll either die, or I'll make good the place. Dryden.

    As for this other argument, that by pursuing one single they gain an advantage to express, and work up, the passions, I wish any example he could bring from them could make it good. Dryden on dramatick Poesy.

    I will add what the same author subjoins to make good his foregoing remark. Locke on Education.

  37. To Make good. To fulfil; to accomplish.

    This letter doth make good the friar's words. Shakesp.

  38. To Make light of. To consider as of no consequence.

    They made light of it, and went their ways. Matt. xxii. 5.

  39. To Make love. To court; to play the gallant.

    How happy each of the sexes would be, if there was a window in the breast of every one that makes or receives love. Addison's Guardian, № 106.

  40. To Make merry. To feast; to partake of an entertainment.

    A hundred pound or two, to make merry withal? Shakesp.

    The king, to make demonstration to the world, that the proceedings against Sir William Stanley, imposed upon him by necessity of state, had not diminished the affection he bare to his brother, went to Latham, to make merry with his mother and the earl. Bacon's Henry VIIth.

    A gentleman and his wife will ride to make merry with his neighbour, and after a day those two go to a third; in which progress they encrease like snowballs, till through their burthensome weight they break. Carew's Survey of Cornwall.

  41. To make much of. To cherish; to foster.

    The king hearing of their adventure, suddenly falls to take pride in making much of them, extolling them with infinite praises. Sidney, b. ii.

                        The bird is dead
    That we have made so much on!
    Shakesp. Cymbeline.

    It is good discretion not to make too much of any man at the first. Bacon's Essays.

    The easy and the lazy make much of the gout; and yet making much of themselves too, they take care to carry it presently to bed, and keep it warm. Temple.

  42. To Make of. What to make of, is, how to understand.

    That they should have knowledge of the languages and affairs of those that lie at such a distance from them, was a thing we could not tell what to make of. Bacon.

    I past the summer here at Nimmeguen, without the least remembrance of what had happened to me in the spring, till about the end of September, and then I began to feel a pain I knew not what to make of, in the same joint of my other foot. Temple.

    There is another statue in brass of Apollo, with a modern inscription on the pedestal, which I know not what to make of. Addison on Italy.

    I desired he would let me see his book: he did so, smiling: I could not make any thing of it. Tatler.

    Upon one side of the pillar were huge pieces of iron sticking out, cut into strange figures, which we knew not what to make of. Gulliver's Travels.

  43. To Make of. To produce from; to effect.

    I am astonished, that those who have appeared against this paper have made so very little of it. Addison.

  44. To Make of. To consider; to account; to esteem.

    Makes she no more of me than of a slave? Dryden.

  45. To Make of. To cherish; to foster.

    Xaycus was wonderfully beloved, and made of, by the Turkish merchants, whose language he had learned. Knolles.

  46. To Make over. To settle in the hands of trustees.

    Widows, who have tried one lover,
    Trust none again till th' have made over.
    Hudibras, p. iii.

    The wise betimes make over their estates.
    Make o'er thy honour by a deed of trust,
    And give me seizure of the mighty wealth.

  47. To Make over. To transfer.

    The second mercy made over to us by the second covenant, is the promise of pardon. Hammond.

    Age and youth cannot be made over: nothing but time can take away years, or give them. Collier.

    My waist is reduced to the depth of four inches by what I have already made over to my neck. Addison's Guard.

    Moor, to whom that patent was made over, was forced to leave off coining. Swift.

  48. To Make out. To clear; to explain; to clear to one's self.

    Make out the rest, — I am disorder'd so,
    I know not farther what to say or do.
    Dryd. Indian Emp.

    Antiquaries make out the most ancient medals from a letter with great difficulty to be discerned upon the face and reverse. Felton on the Classicks.

    It may seem somewhat difficult to make out the bills of fare for some suppers. Arbuthnot on Coins.

  49. To Make out. To prove; to evince.

    There is no truth which a man may more evidently make out to himself, than the existence of a God. Locke.

    Though they are not self-evident principles, yet what may be made out form them by a wary deduction, may be depended on as certain and infallible truths. Locke.

    Men of wit and parts, but of short thoughts and little meditation, are apt to distrust every thing for fiction that is not the dictate of sense, or made out immediately to their senses. Burnet's Theory of the Earth.

    We are to vindicate the just providence of God in the government of the world, and to endeavour, as well as we can, upon an imperfect view of things, to make out the beauty and harmony of all the seeming discords and irregularities of the divine administration. Tillotson's Sermons.

    Scaliger hath made out, that the history of Troy was no more the invention of Homer than of Virgil. Dryden.

    In the passages from our own divines, most of the reasonings which make out both my propositions are already suggested. Atterbury's Sermons.

    I dare engage to make it out, that, instead of contributing equal to the landed men, they will have their full principal and interest at six per Cent. Swift's Miscel.

  50. To Make sure of. To consider as certain.

    They made as sure of health and life, as if both of them were at their dispose. Dryden.

  51. To Make sure of. To secure to one's possession.

    But whether marriage bring joy or sorrow,
    Make sure of this day, and hang to-morrow.

  52. To Make up. To get together.

    How will the farmer be able to make up his rent at quarter-day? Locke.

  53. To Make up. To reconcile; to repair.

    This kind of comprehension in scripture being therefore received, still there is no doubt how far we are to proceed by collection before the full and complete measure of things necessary be made up. Hooker, b. i.

    I knew when seven justices could not make up a quarrel. Shakespeare's As you like it.

  54. To Make up. To repair.

    I sought for a man among them that should make up the hedge, and stand in the gap before me for the land. Ezek.

  55. To compose, as of ingredients.

    These are the lineaments of this vice of flattery, which sure do together make up a face of most extreme deformity. Government of the Tongue.

    He is to encounter an enemy made up of wiles and stratagems; an old serpent, and a long experienced deceiver. South's Sermons.

    Zeal should be made up of the largest measures of spiritual love, desire, hope, hatred, grief, indignation. Sprat.

    Oh he was all made up of love and charms;
    Whatever maid could wish, or man admire.

    Harlequin's part is made up of blunders and absurdities. Addison's Remarks on Italy.

    Vines, figs, oranges, almonds, olives, myrtles, and fields of corn, make up the most delightful little landskip imaginable. Addison on Italy.

    Old mould'ring urns, racks, daggers, and distress,
    Make up the frightful horror of the place.

    The parties among us are made up on one side of moderate whigs, and on the other of presbyterians. Swift.

  56. To Make up. To shape.

    A catapotium is a medicine swallowed solid, and most commonly made up in pills. Arbuthnot on Coins.

  57. To Make up. To supply; to repair.

    Whatsoever, to make up the doctrine of man's salvation, is added as in supply of the scripture's insufficiency, we reject it. Hooker, b. ii.

    I borrowed that celebrated name for an evidence to my subject, that so what was wanting in my proof might be made up in the example. Glanville's Scep.

    Thus think the crowd, who, eager to engage,
    Take quickly fire, and kindle into rage;
    Who ne'er consider, but without a pause
    Make up in a passion what they want in cause.

    If they retrench any the smaller particulars in there ordinary expence, it will easily make up the halfpenny a-day which we have now under consideration. Addison's Spect.

    This wisely she makes up her time,
    Mis-spent when youth was in its prime.

    There must needs be another state to make up the inequalities of this, and to salve all irregular appearances. Atterbury.

    If his romantick disposition transport him so far as to expect little or nothing from this, he might however hope, that the principals would make it up in dignity and respect. Swift.

  58. To Make up. To clear.

    The reasons you allege, do more conduce
    To the hot passion of distemper'd blood,
    Than to make up a free determination
    'Twixt right and wrong.
    Shakesp. Troil. and Cressida.

            Though all at once cannot
    See what I do deliver out to each,
    Yet I can make my audit up, that all
    From me do back receive the flow'r of all,
    And leave me but the bran.
    Shakespeare's Coriolanus.

    He was to make up his accounts with his lord, and by an easy undiscoverable cheat he could provide against the impending distress. Roger's Sermons.

  59. To Make up. To accomplish; to conclude; to complete.

    Is not the lady Constance in this troop?
    — I know she is not; for this match made up,
    Her presence would have interrupted much.

    On Wednesday the general account is made up and printed, and on Thursday published. Graunt's Bill of Mortality.

    This life is a scene of vanity, that soon passes away, and affords no solid satisfaction but in the consciousness of doing well, and in the hopes of another life: this is what I can say upon experience, and what you will find to be true when you come to make up the account. Locke.

Sources: The Bible - 1. Chronicles (4) · The Bible - 1. Corinthians (15) · The Bible - 1. Samuel (18) · The Bible - 2. Corinthians (10) · The Bible - 2. Timothy (1) · The Bible - Acts (20) · Addison, Joseph (408) · Shakespeare's All's Well That Ends Well (21) · Allestree, Richard (89) · Arbuthnot, John (227) · Shakespeare's As You Like It (40) · Atterbury, Francis (75) · Bacon, Francis (396) · Baker, Thomas (10) · Boyle, Robert (84) · Browne, Thomas (204) · Burnet, Thomas (45) · Butler, Samuel (98) · Carew, Thomas (36) · Clarendon, Edward (73) · Collier, Jeremy (24) · Shakespeare's Coriolanus (80) · Shakespeare's Cymbeline (73) · Dillon, Wentworth (Roscommon) (31) · Dryden, John (788) · The Bible - Exodus (25) · The Bible - Ezekiel (12) · Felton, Henry (14) · The Bible - Galatians (3) · Garth, Samuel (17) · The Bible - Genesis (48) · Glanvill, Joseph (53) · Granville, George (23) · Graunt, John (10) · Hale, Matthew (49) · Hammond, Henry (47) · Hayward, John (42) · Holder, William (38) · Hooker, Richard (175) · The Bible - Jeremiah (13) · The Bible - Job (27) · The Bible - John (15) · The Bible - Joshua (4) · The Bible - Judges (13) · Shakespeare's King John (43) · Knolles, Richard (44) · The Bible - Leviticus (13) · Locke, John (269) · The Bible - Luke (10) · Shakespeare's Macbeth (136) · The Bible - Mark (11) · The Bible - Matthew (21) · Shakespeare's Measure for Measure (39) · Shakespeare's Merry Wives of Windsor (95) · Milton, John (449) · Mortimer, John (62) · The Bible - Nehemiah (5) · The Bible - Numbers (12) · Shakespeare's Othello (60) · The Bible - Philemon (6) · Pope, Alexander (393) · Prior, Matthew (162) · The Bible - Proverbs (19) · The Bible - Psalms (29) · Rogers, John (38) · The Bible - Romans (11) · Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet (46) · Rowe, Nicholas (21) · Sidney, Philip (140) · South, Robert (158) · Spenser, Edmund (254) · Sprat, Thomas (20) · Swift, Jonathan (306) · Shakespeare's Taming of the Shrew (71) · Tate, Nahum (7) · Tatler (23) · Temple, William (54) · Tillotson, John (68) · Shakespeare's Titus Andronicus (16) · Shakespeare's Troilus and Cressida (36) · Waller, Edmund (63) · Watts, Isaac (117) · The Bible - Wisdom (12) · The Bible - Zephaniah (1)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "Make (verb active)." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: January 5, 2013. https://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/make-verb-active/.

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