A Dictionary of the English Language
                        A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson
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View Scan · View Transcription · from page 1628

View Scan · View Transcription · from page 1628

Race. n.s. [race, Fr. from radice, Lat.]

  1. A family ascending.

  2. Family descending.

                  He in a moment will create
    Another world; out of man, a race
    Of men innumerable, there to dwell.

    Male he created thee, but thy consort
    Female for race.

    High as the mother of the gods in place,
    And proud like her of an immortal race.

    Hence the long race of Alban fathers come. Dryden.

  3. A generation; a collective family.

    A race of youthful and unhandled colts,
    Fetching mad bounds.
    Shakesp. Merchant of Venice.

  4. A particular breed.

    Of spirits malign, a better race to bring
    Into their vacant room.

    In the races of mankind and families of the world, there remains not to one above another the least pretence to have the right of inheritance. Locke.

  5. Race of ginger. [rayz de gengibre, Spanish.] A root or sprig of ginger.

  6. A particular strength or taste of wine, applied by Temple to any extraordinary natural force of intellect.

    Of gardens there may be forms wholly irregular, that may have more beauty than of others; but they must owe it to some extraordinary dispositions of nature in the feat, or some great race of fancy or judgment in contrivance. Temple.

  7. [Ras, Islandick.] Contest in running.

    To describe races and games
    Or tilting furniture.

  8. Course on the feet.

    The flight of many birds is swifter than the race of any beasts. Bacon.

  9. Progress; course.

    It suddenly fell from an excess of favour, which many examples having taught them, never stopt his race till it came to a headlong overthrow. Sidney.

    My race of glory run, and race of shame. Milton.

    Their ministry perform'd, and race well run. Milton.

    The great light of day yet wants to run
    Much of his race though steep.

    He safe return'd, the race of glory past,
    New to his friends embrace.
    Pope's Odyssey.

  10. Train; process.

    An offensive war is made, which is unjust in the aggressor; the prosecution and race of the war carrieth the defendant to invade the ancient patrimony of the first aggressor, who is now turned defendant; shall he sit down, and not put himself in defence? Bacon.

    The race of this war fell upon the loss of Urbin, which he re-obtained. Bacon.

Sources: Bacon, Francis (396) · Dryden, John (788) · Locke, John (269) · Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice (83) · Milton, John (449) · Pope, Alexander (393) · Sidney, Philip (140) · Temple, William (54)

Attributes: French (385) · Icelandic (4) · Latin (690) · Noun Substantive (1269) · Spanish (12)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "Race." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: January 30, 2014. https://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/race/.

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