A Dictionary of the English Language
                        A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson
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View Scan · View Transcription · from pages 1721, 1722

View Scan · View Transcription · from pages 1721, 1722

Rough. adj. [hruh, hruhʒe, Saxon; rouw, Dutch.]

  1. Not smooth; rugged; having inequalities on the surface.

                            The fiend
    O'er bog or steep, through strait, rough, dense, or rare,
    Pursues his way.

    Were the mountains taken all away, the remaining parts would be more unequal than the roughest sea; whereas the face of the earth should resemble that of the calmest sea, if still in the form of its first mass. Burnet's Theory of the Earth.

  2. Austere to the taste: as, rough wine.

  3. Harsh to the ear.

    Most by the numbers judge a poet's song,
    And smooth or rough with them is right or wrong.

  4. Rugged of temper; inelegant of manners; not soft; coarse; not civil; severe; not mild; rude.

    A fiend, a fury, pitiless and rough,
    A wolf; nay worse, a fellow all in buff.

    Strait with a band of soldiers tall and rough
    On him he seizes.
    Cowley's Davideis.

  5. Not gentle; not proceeding by easy operation.

    He gave not the king time to prosecute that gracious method, but forced him to a quicker and rougher remedy. Clar.

    Hippocrates seldom mentions the doses of his medicines, which is somewhat surprizing, because his purgatives are generally very rough and strong. Arbuthnot on Coins.

  6. Harsh to the mind; severe.

    Kind words prevent a good deal of that perverseness, which rough and imperious usage often produces in generous minds. Locke.

  7. Hard featured; not delicate.

    A ropy chain of rheums, a visage rough,
    Deform'd, unfeatur'd, and a skin of buff.

  8. Not polished; not finished by art: as, a rough diamond.

  9. Terible; dreadful.

                Before the cloudy van,
    On the rough edge of battle ere it join'd,
    Satan advanc'd.

  10. Rugged; disordered in appearance; coarse.

    Rough from the tossing surge Ulysses moves,
    Urg'd on by want, and recent from the storms,
    The brackish ooze his manly grace deforms.

  11. Tempestuous; stormy; boisterous.

                Come what come may,
    Time and the hour run through the roughest day.

Sources: Arbuthnot, John (227) · Burnet, Thomas (45) · Clarendon, Edward (73) · Shakespeare's Comedy of Errors (24) · Cowley, Abraham (19) · Dryden, John (788) · Locke, John (269) · Shakespeare's Macbeth (136) · Milton, John (449) · Pope, Alexander (393)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "Rough." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: November 12, 2012. https://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/rough/.

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