A Dictionary of the English Language
                        A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson
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View Scan · View Transcription · from pages 1770, 1771

View Scan · View Transcription · from pages 1770, 1771

Sea. n.s. [sæ, Saxon; see, or zee, Dutch.]

  1. The ocean; the water opposed to the land.

    Will all great Neptune's ocean wash this blood
    Clean from my hand? No, this my hand will rather
    Thy multitudinous sea incarnardine,
    Making the green one red.
    Shakesp. Macbeth.

    The rivers run into the sea. Carew.

    He made the sea, and all that is therein. Ex. xx. 11.

    So do the winds and thunders cleanse the air,
    So working seas settle and purge the wine.

    Amphibious between sea and land
    The river horse.

                Some leviathan,
    Haply slumb'ring on the Norway foam,
    The pilot of some small night-founder'd skiff
    Deeming some island, oft as seamen tell,
    With fixed anchor in his scaly rind,
    Moors by his side under the lee, while night
    Invests the sea.

    Small fragments of shells, broken by storms on some shores, are used for manuring of sea land. Woodward.

    They put to sea with a fleet of three hundred sail. Arbuthn.

    Sea racing dolphins are train'd for our motion,
    Moony tides swelling to roll us ashore.
    Dryden's Albion.

    But like a rock unmov'd, a rock that braves
    The raging tempest, and the rising waves,
    Propp'd on himself he stands: his solid side
    Wash off the sea weeds, and the sounding tides.

    The sea could not be much narrower than it is, without a great loss to the world. Bentley.

    So when the first bold vessel dar'd the seas,
    High on the stern the Thracian rais'd his strain,
    While Argo saw her kindred trees
    Descend from Pelion to the main.

  2. A collection of water; a lake.

    Jesus walking by the sea of Galilee, saw two brethren. Mat. iv. 18.

  3. Proverbially for any large quantity.

    That sea of blood which hath in Ireland been barbarously shed, is enough to drown in eternal infamy and misery the malicious author and instigator of its effusion. King Charles.

  4. Any thing rough and tempestuous.

    To sorrow abandon'd, but worse felt within,
    And in a troubled sea of passion tost.

  5. Half Seas over. Half drunk.

    The whole magistracy was pretty well disguised before I gave 'em the slip: our friend the alderman was half seas over before the bonfire was out. Spectator.

Sea is often used in composition, as will appear in the following examples.

Sources: Addison, Joseph (408) · Arbuthnot, John (227) · Bentley, Richard (57) · Carew, Thomas (36) · Charles I (27) · Davies, John (45) · Dryden, John (788) · The Bible - Exodus (25) · Shakespeare's Macbeth (136) · The Bible - Matthew (21) · Milton, John (449) · Pope, Alexander (393) · Spectator (140) · Woodward, John (78)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "Sea." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: November 12, 2012. https://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/sea/.

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