A Dictionary of the English Language
                        A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson
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View Scan · View Transcription · from page 2043

There. adv. [thar, Gothick; ðær, Saxon; daer, Dutch; der, Danish.]

  1. In that place.

    If they come to sojourn at my house,
    I'll not be there.
    Shakespeare's King Lear.

    Exil'd by thee from earth, to deepest hell,
    In brazen bonds shall barb'rous discord dwell;
    Gigantick pride, pale terror, gloomy care,
    And mad ambition shall attend her there.

  2. It is opposed to here.

    To see thee fight, to see thee traverse, to see thee here, to see thee there. Shakesp. Merry Wives of Windsor.

    Could their relishes be as different there as they are here, yet the manna in heaven will suit every palate. Locke.

    Darkness there might well seem twilight here. Milton.

  3. An exclamation directing something at a distance.

                    Your fury hardens me.
    A guard there; seize her.
    Dryden's Aurengzebe.

  4. It is used at the beginning of a sentence with the appearance of a nominative case, but serves only to throw the nominative behind the verb: as, a man came, or there came a man. It adds however some emphasis, which, like many other idioms in every language, must be learned by custom, and can hardly be explained. It cannot always be omitted without harshness: as, in old times there was a great king.

    For reformation of errour there were that thought it a part of Christian charity to instruct them. Hooker.

    There cannot in nature be a strength so great, as to make the least moveable to pass in an instant, or all together, through the least place. Digby on the Soul.

    There have been that have delivered themselves from their ills by their good fortune or virtue. Suckling.

    In human actions there are no degrees described, but a latitude is indulged. Bishop Taylor.

    Wherever there is sense or perception, there some idea is actually produced. Locke.

  5. In composition it means that: as thereby, by that.

Sources: Digby, Kenelm (13) · Dryden, John (788) · Hooker, Richard (175) · Shakespeare's King Lear (144) · Locke, John (269) · Shakespeare's Merry Wives of Windsor (95) · Milton, John (449) · Pope, Alexander (393) · Suckling, John (16) · Taylor, Jeremy (57)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "There." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: January 7, 2012. https://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/there/.

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