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Time (noun)

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View Scan · View Transcription · from pages 2061, 2062

Time. n.s. [ꞇıma, Saxon; tym, Erse.]

  1. The measure of duration.

    This consideration of duration, as set out by certain periods, and marked by certain measures or epochas, is that which most properly we call time. Locke.

    Time is like a fashionable host,
    That slightly shakes his parting guest by th' hand,
    But with his arms out-stretch'd, as he would fly,
    Grasps the incomer.
    Shakesp. Troilus and Cressida.

                Come what come may,
    Time and the hour runs through the roughest day.

    Nor will polished amber, although it send forth a gross exhalement, be found a long time defective upon the exactest scale. Brown's Vulgar Errours b. ii.

    Time, which consisteth of parts, can be no part of infinite duration, or of eternity; for then there would be infinite time past to day, which to morrow will be more than infinite. Time is therefore one thing, and infinite duration is another. Grew's Cosmol. b. i.

  2. Space of time.

    Daniel desired that he would give him time, and that he would shew him the interpretation. Dan. ii. 16.

    He for the time remain'd stupidly good. Milton.

    No time is allowed for digressions. Swift.

  3. Interval.

    Pomanders, and knots of powders, you may have continually in your hand; whereas perfumes you can take but at times. Bacon's Nat. Hist. №. 929.

  4. Season; proper time.

    To every thing there is a season, and a time to every purpose. Eccles. iii. 1.

    They were cut down out of time, whose foundation was overflown with a flood. Job xxii. 16.

    He found nothing but leaves on it; for the time of figs was not yet. Mar. xi. 13.

    Knowing the time, that it is high time to awake out of sleep. Rom. xiii. 11.

    Short were her marriage joys; for in the prime
    Of youth her lord expir'd before his time.

    I hope I come in time, if not to make,
    At least, to save your fortune and your honour:
    Take heed you steer your vessel right.

    The time will come when we shall be forced to bring our evil ways to remembrance, and then consideration will do us little good. Calamy's Sermons.

  5. A considerable space of duration; continuance; process of time.

    Fight under him, there's plunder to be had;
    A captain is a very gainful trade:
    And when in service your best days are spent,
    In time you may command a regiment.
    Dryden's Journal.

    In time the mind reflects on its own operations about the ideas got by sensation, and thereby stores itself with a new set of ideas, ideas of reflection. Locke.

    One imagines, that the terrestrial matter which is showered down along with rain enlarges the bulk of the earth, and that it will in time bury all things under-ground. Woodward.

    I have resolved to take time, and, in spite of all misfortunes, to write you, at intervals, a long letter. Swift.

  6. Age; particular part of time.

    When that company died, what time the fire devoured two hundred and fifty men. Num. xxvi. 10.

    They shall be given into his hand until a time and times. Dan. vii. 25.

    If we should impute the heat of the season unto the co-operation of any stars with the sun, it seems more favourable for our times to ascribe the same unto the constellation of leo. Brown's Vulgar Errours, b. iv.

    The way to please being to imitate nature, the poets and the painters, in ancient times, and in the best ages, have studied her. Dryden's Dufresnoy.

  7. Past time.

    I was the man in th' moon when time was. Shakespeare.

  8. Early time.

    Stanley at Bosworth field, though he came time enough to save his life, yet he staid long enough to endanger it. Bacon.

    If they acknowledge repentance and a more strict obedience to be one time or other necessary, they imagine it is time enough yet to set about these duties. Rogers.

  9. Time considered as affording opportunity.

    The earl lost no time, but marched day and night. Clarend.

    He continued his delights till all the enemies horse were passed through his quarters; nor did then pursue them in any time. Clarendon, b. viii.

    Time is lost, which never will renew,
    While we too far the pleasing path pursue,
    Surveying nature.
    Dryden's Virgil.

  10. Particular quality of the present.

    Comets, importing change of times and states,
    Brandish your crystal tresses in the sky.

    All the prophets in their age, the times
    Of great Messiah sing.
    Milton's Par. Lost, b. xii.

    If any reply, that the times and manners of men will not bear such a practice, that is an answer from the mouth of a professed time-server. South's Sermons.

  11. Particular time.

    Give order, that no sort of person
    Have, any time, recourse unto the princes.

    The worst on me must light, when time shall be. Milt.

    A time will come, when my maturer muse
    In Cæsar's wars a nobler theme shall chuse.

    These reservoirs of snow they cut, distributing them to several shops, that from time to time supply Naples. Addison.

  12. Hour of childbirth.

    She intended to stay till delivered; for she was within one month of her time. Clarendon.

    The first time I saw a lady dressed in one of these petticoats, I blamed her for walking abroad when she was so near her time; but soon I found all the modish part of the sex as far gone as herself. Addison's Spect. №. 127.

  13. Repetition of any thing, or mention with reference to repetition.

    Four times he cross'd the car of night. Milton.

    Every single particle would have a sphere of void space around it many hundred thousand million million times bigger than the dimensions of that particle. Bentley.

    Lord Oxford I have now the third time mentioned in this letter expects you. Swift.

  14. Musical measure.

                Musick do I hear!
    Ha, ha! keep time. How sour sweet musick is
    When time is broke, and no proportion kept.

    You by the help of tune and time
    Can make that song which was but rime.

            On their exalted wings
    To the celestial orbs they climb,
    And with th' harmonious spheres keep time.

    Heroes who o'ercome, or die,
    Have their hearts hung extremely high;
    The strings of which in battle's heat
    Against their very corslets beat;
    Keep time with their own trumpet's measure,
    And yield them most excessive pleasure.

Sources: Addison, Joseph (408) · Bacon, Francis (396) · Bentley, Richard (57) · Browne, Thomas (204) · Calamy, Benjamin (8) · Clarendon, Edward (73) · The Bible - Daniel (6) · Denham, John (75) · Dryden, John (788) · The Bible - Ecclesiastes (5) · Grew, Nehemiah (36) · Shakespeare's Henry VI, Part 1 (48) · The Bible - Job (27) · Locke, John (269) · Shakespeare's Macbeth (136) · The Bible - Mark (11) · Milton, John (449) · The Bible - Numbers (12) · Prior, Matthew (162) · Shakespeare's Richard II (40) · Shakespeare's Richard III (63) · Rogers, John (38) · South, Robert (158) · Swift, Jonathan (306) · Shakespeare's Tempest (50) · Shakespeare's Troilus and Cressida (36) · Waller, Edmund (63) · Woodward, John (78)

Attributes: Irish (Erse) (11) · Noun Substantive (1269) · Saxon (215)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "Time (noun)." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: January 20, 2014. https://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/time-noun/.

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