A Dictionary of the English Language
                        A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson
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Zeal. n.s. [ζῆλος, zelus, Latin.] Passionate ardour for any person or cause.

This present age, wherein zeal hath drowned charity and skill; meekness will not now suffer any man to marvel, whatsoever he shall hear reproved by whomsoever. Hooker.

If I had had time to have made new liveries, I would have bestowed the thousand pound I borrowed of you: but it is no matter, this poor show doth better; this doth infer the zeal I had to see him. Shakespeare's Henry IV.

          O Cromwell, Cromwell!
Had I but serv'd my God with half the zeal
I serv'd my king, he would not in mine age
Have left me naked to mine enemies.

              Among the seraphims
Abdiel, than whom none with more zeal ador'd
The Deity, and divine commands obey'd,
Stood up, and in a flame of zeal severe,
The current of his fury thus oppos'd.
Milton's Parad. Lost.

Zeal, the blind conductor of the will. Dryden.

She with such a zeal the cause embrac'd,
As women, where they will, are all in haste;
The father, mother, and the kin beside,
Were overborne by the fury of the tide.

The princes applaud with a furious joy,
And the king seiz'd a flambeau with zeal to destroy.

Seriousness and zeal in religion is natural to the English. Tillotson's Sermons.

Good men often blemish the reputation of their piety by over-acting some things in their religion; by an indiscreet zeal about things wherein religion is not concerned. Tillotson.

True zeal seems not to be any one single affection of the soul; but rather a strong mixture of many holy affections; rather a gracious constitution of the whole mind, than any one particular grace, swaying a devout heart, and filling it with all pious intentions; all not only uncounterfeit, but most fervent. Sprat's Sermons.

When the sins of a nation have provoked God to forsake it, he suffers those to concur in the most pernicious counsels for enslaving conscience, who pretend to the greatest zeal for the liberty of it. Stillingfleet.

This rebellion has discovered to his majesty, who have espoused his interests with zeal or indifference. Addison's Freeh.

A scorn of flattery and a zeal for truth. Pope.

Sources: Addison, Joseph (408) · Dryden, John (788) · Shakespeare's Henry VIII (62) · Hooker, Richard (175) · Milton, John (449) · Pope, Alexander (393) · Sprat, Thomas (20) · Stillingfleet, Edward (38) · Tillotson, John (68)

Attributes: Greek (126) · Latin (690) · Noun Substantive (1269)

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Cite this page: Johnson, Samuel. "Zeal." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: June 25, 2013. https://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/zeal/.

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